Management is a science or an art, Project Management

Management is a science or an art

Management like most other arts involves some degree of skill and talent, but management makes use of underlying knowledge (science) and applies it in the light of the realities to achieve results. Most of the work of managing involves dealing with people, their actions and reactions, there has yet to be developed a science to deal with such issues.
     
The most productive art however is always based on an understanding of the science underlying, and management is a science to the extent that it utilizes well systematised theories. Managers who attempt to manage without theories and without knowledge structured by theory must trust their luck, intuition or past actions. But with organized knowledge they have a far better chance of succeeding. Art and science are therefore not mutually exclusive but complementary and as science improves so too should art.
       
Although a lot of science and scientific methods are being used in management e.g. computers and electronic data processing, there is yet no complete and universally accepted science of managing. A lot of the areas of managing still remain poorly understood, for instance a lot needs to be learned about people and therefore it is difficult to categorise management as science. Until complete knowledge is gained and developed into well systematised and tested theories management must still remain in the arts. But the improvements made to management by science must not be ignored.

Posted Date: 12/15/2012 5:21:13 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Management is a science or an art, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Management is a science or an art, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Management is a science or an art Discussions

Write discussion on Management is a science or an art
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
What work goes on previous to project start-up? Before project start-up, work is required to establish the things and scope of the project. This is essential to establish the d

Solution-if I am the owner of the three coffee shops within a 50 mile radius, then I would adopt a de-centralized management model having self directed teams. This will help me in

Steps for National Competitive Bidding (NCB)  Similar to ICB, we have two ways involved in NCB: one with pre-qualification, another without prequalification. Steps for NCB are

Standardization of Work Processes:   The interrelated processes of an organization need to be standardized which help to determine how work is organized and how customer needs

When JF persuaded a leading retail supermarket chain to trial her 'home-made' chocolate dessert range she could not have anticipated how well it would sell. Now a year on she has f

Describe the incremental approach to testing represented by the orderly unit (module) test. Unit (module) test: Along with the incremental approach to testing, every unit

Question 1: (a) Using information from Table 1, build a network diagram for the project. (b) Perform a Forward Pass on the network diagram and deduce the duration of the p

Components of Strategy Strategy has four basic components: Scope: which refers to the position the firm wants to have in relation to its environment. Resource deploym

Question: (a) A project manager must take ownership of the project at its early stage through the following tasks namely: stakeholder identification and analysis, prepare a bus

Network Diagram for my course project based upon the WBS. The Network Diagram should include the Earliest Start (ES), Earliest Finish (EF), Latest Start (LS), Latest Finish (LF), a