Management is a science or an art, Project Management

Management is a science or an art

Management like most other arts involves some degree of skill and talent, but management makes use of underlying knowledge (science) and applies it in the light of the realities to achieve results. Most of the work of managing involves dealing with people, their actions and reactions, there has yet to be developed a science to deal with such issues.
The most productive art however is always based on an understanding of the science underlying, and management is a science to the extent that it utilizes well systematised theories. Managers who attempt to manage without theories and without knowledge structured by theory must trust their luck, intuition or past actions. But with organized knowledge they have a far better chance of succeeding. Art and science are therefore not mutually exclusive but complementary and as science improves so too should art.
Although a lot of science and scientific methods are being used in management e.g. computers and electronic data processing, there is yet no complete and universally accepted science of managing. A lot of the areas of managing still remain poorly understood, for instance a lot needs to be learned about people and therefore it is difficult to categorise management as science. Until complete knowledge is gained and developed into well systematised and tested theories management must still remain in the arts. But the improvements made to management by science must not be ignored.

Posted Date: 12/15/2012 5:21:13 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Management is a science or an art, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Management is a science or an art, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Management is a science or an art Discussions

Write discussion on Management is a science or an art
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Organisational Structures The project organisational structure facilitates coordination and implementation of project activities. It should be designed to include the essential

ISO 9001 is the most difficult of the three standards to be chosen for certification , because it includes all the the twently elements. This comprehensive certification i

Question: a) Describe lessons or best practices that could be learned from the above case study? b) Describe the factors that lead to the project failure? c) What is acc

What are the uses of Cost Benefit Analysis? Generally, this technique (complex cost benefit analysis) is advocated for use within decisions on public projects, wherein social c

Define the incremental approach by system testing. System test: In system testing, the developers are checking which the system gives the functionality described by the u

Aggregate planning is an operational method that does an aggregate plan for the production procedure, in advance of 2 to 18 months, to provide an idea to management as to what amo

Contingency planning Contingency planning is the part of the planning process that identifies alternative courses of action that an organization might follow if various differe

What types of problems solved by Break even Analysis Helps? Break even Analysis helps to solving the given types of problems as given below: 1. What volume of sales will be

Question: (a) Any project has a beginning and an end; without a formal closure process, project teams can fail to recognize the end and this can drag the project into unnecessa