Management is a science or an art, Project Management

Management is a science or an art

Management like most other arts involves some degree of skill and talent, but management makes use of underlying knowledge (science) and applies it in the light of the realities to achieve results. Most of the work of managing involves dealing with people, their actions and reactions, there has yet to be developed a science to deal with such issues.
     
The most productive art however is always based on an understanding of the science underlying, and management is a science to the extent that it utilizes well systematised theories. Managers who attempt to manage without theories and without knowledge structured by theory must trust their luck, intuition or past actions. But with organized knowledge they have a far better chance of succeeding. Art and science are therefore not mutually exclusive but complementary and as science improves so too should art.
       
Although a lot of science and scientific methods are being used in management e.g. computers and electronic data processing, there is yet no complete and universally accepted science of managing. A lot of the areas of managing still remain poorly understood, for instance a lot needs to be learned about people and therefore it is difficult to categorise management as science. Until complete knowledge is gained and developed into well systematised and tested theories management must still remain in the arts. But the improvements made to management by science must not be ignored.

Posted Date: 12/15/2012 5:21:13 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Management is a science or an art, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Management is a science or an art, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Management is a science or an art Discussions

Write discussion on Management is a science or an art
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Usage of RBS  Once an organisation defines a Risk Breakdown Structure (RBS), then it can be used in a number of ways. These RBS is relevant across the project and helps in the

Advantages of Product Layout - Low Work in Progress Since production is carried on in a pre arranged continuous sequence, the stock of work in progress of materials in transit

The customer feedback and employee feedback mechanisms are the essential requirements to create customer oriented quality culture. These feedback mechanisms perspectives an ac

what is a benefit of a kaizen event?

Question: (a) What could be the motivations for a large multinational to offshore its application development? (b) What could be the risks of offshoring application develo


Define the conformance management systems. Conformance management systems: Makes sure the output of the project for example the end product or result gathers the customer

What are the approaches to allocate factory overheads? Product costing allocation methods - Plant wide allocation, Department allocation, Activity based allocation

Your Integrated Management Project will be marked initially by a tutor. The marked project may then moderated by another tutor to ensure consistency between markers. A sample of th

Question: (a) Projects are widely known for their tendency to run late and over-budget. (i) Choose an organization of your choice and briefly describe the main risks to