Male reproductive disorders due to infections, Biology

Male reproductive disorders due to infections


Septicemic infections have a greater affinity for vesicular glands than other regions of the reproductive tract viz. prostate, ampullae, epididymis and testis. However, infection in one or more of these regions is not uncommon. Some pathogenic micro- organisms have a special affinity for the gonads and accesoory glands (primary pathogens) such as Brucella abortus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, chlamydiae, Mycoplasma and ureaplasma, and some herpes viruses. Among the facultative secondary pathogens, Corynebacterium pyogenes bovis is the most important. Although eradication of the highly infectious diseases viz. brucellosis and tuberculosis has been quite successful, yet cases do surface and their eradication is not complete. The damage to the reproductive organs and hence loss of fertility due to infections varies with the nature of the infecting micro-organism. An acute orchitis causes a direct damage to the spermatogenic epithelium even though the interstitial cells remain unaffected. The systemic overheating due to raised body temperature on account of fever coupled with release of toxins by the micro-organisms will result in damage to the testicular tubules finally leading to testicular degeneration. Chronic situations of orchitis, periorchitis and adhesions often result in spermatogenic tubules being replaced by fibrous connective tissue. Inflammation of epididymis, vesicular glands, ampullae not only hamper maturation and sperm transport but the resulting development of lesions is extremely painful and there is mixture of pus cells and bacteria with semen at the time of ejaculation. Due to pain the bull will also refuse to mount. Unfortunately,bulls suffering from these infections do not respond well to antibiotic treatment with surgical removal of the affected parts of bulls of great breeding value remaining the only option.

Posted Date: 9/17/2012 4:40:06 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Male reproductive disorders due to infections, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Male reproductive disorders due to infections, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Male reproductive disorders due to infections Discussions

Write discussion on Male reproductive disorders due to infections
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
What is hydrogen bonds? Hydrogen Bonds : Hydrogen bonds form between polar molecules, such as water. Each water molecule has two positively charged hydrogen poles, and one ne

Pericardiocentesis :  This is usually done by the cardiologist. It is better done with ECG and haemodynamic monitoring. Subxyphoid route is preferred with the patient positio

binomial nomenclature is not applicable to

Why is AIDS difficult to prevent by vaccination? It is complex to produce a vaccine against AIDS because the HIV is a highly mutant virus. In almost every replication the produ

Define the role of riboflavin in Antioxidant Activity? Flavoproteins also have powerful antioxidant activity from their role as precursors to FMN and FAD. Among the FAD-requiri

Injection Route An injection is an unpleasant experience for a person at any age and is particularly traumatic to the small child who often lives in fear to the next "need

Assume that you have 1M stock solutions of NaCl, KCl, and CaCl2. If the ion concentrations in human plasma are 120 mM Na+, 12mM K+, and 2 mM Ca+, compute the volumes of the stock s

BRONCHOSCOPY: Bronchoscopy is the passage of lighted bronchoscope into the bronchial tree. Bronchoscopy may be performed with  rigid steel of flexible fiberoptic instruments.

Gluconeogenesis synthesizes glucose from noncarbohydrate precursors, involving pyruvate and lactate, citric acid cycle intermediates, the carbon skeletons of most glycerol and amin

Q. Elimination of the risk factors - diabetes mellitus? In other words, in diabetes it refers to maintaining of normal body weight, healthy nutritional practice, regular physic