Male reproductive disorders due to infections, Biology

Male reproductive disorders due to infections


Septicemic infections have a greater affinity for vesicular glands than other regions of the reproductive tract viz. prostate, ampullae, epididymis and testis. However, infection in one or more of these regions is not uncommon. Some pathogenic micro- organisms have a special affinity for the gonads and accesoory glands (primary pathogens) such as Brucella abortus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, chlamydiae, Mycoplasma and ureaplasma, and some herpes viruses. Among the facultative secondary pathogens, Corynebacterium pyogenes bovis is the most important. Although eradication of the highly infectious diseases viz. brucellosis and tuberculosis has been quite successful, yet cases do surface and their eradication is not complete. The damage to the reproductive organs and hence loss of fertility due to infections varies with the nature of the infecting micro-organism. An acute orchitis causes a direct damage to the spermatogenic epithelium even though the interstitial cells remain unaffected. The systemic overheating due to raised body temperature on account of fever coupled with release of toxins by the micro-organisms will result in damage to the testicular tubules finally leading to testicular degeneration. Chronic situations of orchitis, periorchitis and adhesions often result in spermatogenic tubules being replaced by fibrous connective tissue. Inflammation of epididymis, vesicular glands, ampullae not only hamper maturation and sperm transport but the resulting development of lesions is extremely painful and there is mixture of pus cells and bacteria with semen at the time of ejaculation. Due to pain the bull will also refuse to mount. Unfortunately,bulls suffering from these infections do not respond well to antibiotic treatment with surgical removal of the affected parts of bulls of great breeding value remaining the only option.

Posted Date: 9/17/2012 4:40:06 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Male reproductive disorders due to infections, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Male reproductive disorders due to infections, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Male reproductive disorders due to infections Discussions

Write discussion on Male reproductive disorders due to infections
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Gifted Species - Biological Nitrogen-Fixation Biological nitrogen fixation remains mainly confined to a few distinct nutritional types of prokaryotes, some of which are free-l

Define Body Mass Index (BMI)? Weight for height as a marker of nutritional status has the advantage that it is independent of other factors that affect foetal outcome such as m

Sympatric OR allopatric speciation Sympatry The development of new species within a population. Two Hebe sp living in the same location but with different chromosomal numb

What are intraspecific and interspecific ecological interactions? Intraspecific ecological interactions are those among individuals of the same species. Interspecific ecologic

What are the functional properties of gums that are considered to be important in food industries? The functional properties of gums that  are considered to be important in foo

Solutes and ions tie up water in solution. Solutes lower aw and this reduction in aw depends on the total concentration of dissolved molecules and ions. Since these bind to water m

What are the main characteristics of the age pyramids of developed countries? In a stabilized human population the age pyramid has a narrower base as the reproduction rate is

Explain the Effect of Deficiency of Vitamin E? Fortunately, vitamin E deficiency in human is extremely rare. This may probably be due to its wide occurrence. in natural foods a

Q. What do you understand by taxonomy? Taxonomy is dependent on many sciences and they in turn are equally dependent on it. The activities of a taxonomist are basic to all othe

distinguishing characteristics of phylum platyhelminthes?