Lyme disease, Biology

Lyme disease
It is a metazoonoses caused by a spirochaete, Borrelia burgdorferi. The disease based on the specific symptoms, is also known as erythema migrans (ECM) or lyme  arthritis.


Epidemiology:
The disease is widely prevalent in parts of the world including Asia. These spirochaetes are transmitted by the infected ticks of genus Ixodes, mainly I. ricinus, I. dammini and I. pacificus. Besides human, the infection has been reported from dog, equine and rodents.


Clinical symptoms:
The clinical symptoms include fever, malaise, arthralgia,headache and myalgia. Eerythema, macule, papule appear along with complaints of stiff neck and arthritis. There may be lymphadenopathy, meningoencephalitis and myocarditis.


Diagnosis: A tentative diagnosis can be made on the basis of clinical symptoms along with history of patient. B. burgdorferi can be isolated using Kelley’s medium and can be observed under dark field microscopy or the organisms can also be confirmed by fluorescence antibody technique. ELISA and immunoflurescence assay is used for serodiagnosis. Nucleic acid based diagnosis like PCR may be used for rapid and accurate diagnosis.

Posted Date: 9/20/2012 2:35:32 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Lyme disease, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Lyme disease, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Lyme disease Discussions

Write discussion on Lyme disease
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
How auxins act helping the lateral (secondary) growth of the stem? The Auxins stimulate the formation of conductive vessels, phloem and xylem, promoting the thickening of the s

How Vitamin E is directly related to selenium and PUFA? Selenium: An inter-relationship exists between vitamin E and selenium, as selenium functions as an integral par1

Explain the Energy requirement in Postoperative Nutritional Care? Adequate calorie intake is critical for successful outcome of surgery and should be provided in the form of ca


This assignment is a 1500 word 'clinical update' journal article. The format for this article is similar to that of the 'ANF clinical update' series published in the Australian Nur

Bone grafting issues Planning of the case is very critical. Any bone defect in the aesthetic zone should be evaluated prior to implant placement in order to obtain a prosthetic

What is the best microscope to get a detailed view of the parts inside of a preserved plant cell?

What is protein? 1) Protein is a source of backup energy that your body keeps, a large difficult molecule made up of one or more chains of amino acids. Proteins perform a wide

List out Points about the Traditional Food Preservation? 1. The traditional food preservation methods like drying, pickling, salting, smoking, canning and freezing have been wi

What is the histological nature of the glands? How are they formed? The glands are epithelial tissues. They are made of epithelium that throughout the embryonic development inv