Lyme disease, Biology

Lyme disease
It is a metazoonoses caused by a spirochaete, Borrelia burgdorferi. The disease based on the specific symptoms, is also known as erythema migrans (ECM) or lyme  arthritis.


Epidemiology:
The disease is widely prevalent in parts of the world including Asia. These spirochaetes are transmitted by the infected ticks of genus Ixodes, mainly I. ricinus, I. dammini and I. pacificus. Besides human, the infection has been reported from dog, equine and rodents.


Clinical symptoms:
The clinical symptoms include fever, malaise, arthralgia,headache and myalgia. Eerythema, macule, papule appear along with complaints of stiff neck and arthritis. There may be lymphadenopathy, meningoencephalitis and myocarditis.


Diagnosis: A tentative diagnosis can be made on the basis of clinical symptoms along with history of patient. B. burgdorferi can be isolated using Kelley’s medium and can be observed under dark field microscopy or the organisms can also be confirmed by fluorescence antibody technique. ELISA and immunoflurescence assay is used for serodiagnosis. Nucleic acid based diagnosis like PCR may be used for rapid and accurate diagnosis.

Posted Date: 9/20/2012 2:35:32 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Lyme disease, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Lyme disease, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Lyme disease Discussions

Write discussion on Lyme disease
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
What are some examples of interspecific competition? Examples of interspecific competition are: the dispute between vultures, worms, flies and microorganisms for carrion and th

Need an essay for my biology class. Need to know if you can do it. Thank you Instructions. Essay Assignment: Experimental Design Now that you have completed several hands-on la

Define Procedure for Detection of Chalk in Flour Carry out the experiment following the procedure given herewith: 1. Take a teaspoon of flour in a test tube and shake it wit

Antibiotic resistance is the resistance conferred to the host the ability to survive a given antibiotic by the plasmids containing resistance genes. If such kind of plasmid is pre

Q. What is Peri-Implant Disease? The term peri-implantitis is used to describe the boneloss around an implant. This may be induced by stress or bacteria or a combination of bot

What is the positive atom referred to in ionic bonds and write a monovalent and divalent example.

To develop the food exchange list, a doctor or dietician keeps in mind four important basic points. These are: 1) Group similar foods in one group. For example cereals, roots,

Functional Properties of Starches Starch is a major source of energy (calories) in grains and tubers, and foods made from them. However, when starch is added to products as an

Q. Dietary Guidelines fur hyperlipidemic patients? • Calories: to maintain ideal body weight. • Carbohydrates should constitute 55-65% of calories with emphasis on • polysacc

What do digestive enzymes do to food? Digestive enzymes suspend food; make food soluble, break large insoluble food molecules into smaller, soluble molecules