Line balancing of product layouts, Operation Management

Assignment Help:

Line Balancing of Product Layouts

A major consideration in the design of product layouts is that of bottlenecks; just as the strength of a chain is determined by its weakest link, so the output of a production line is limited by its slowest process. The cycle time of the process line shown in this figure is two minutes, determined by the slowest process, 'D'. In this situation, perhaps the first question to address is that of capacity. Assuming an 8-hour working day, the maximum output from this line would be 240 per day (8 hours × 60/2 parts per hour). Therefore, provided anticipated demand does not exceed 240 per day, there should be enough capacity. On the other hand, if the expected daily demand is substantially greater than 240, the capacity might be increased by duplicating process 'D', and using one of the configurations shown in this next figure.

2028_Line Balancing of Product Layouts.png

Returning to the process of the figure above, 'Bottle-neck at station D', there is another important issue - utilisation. If this line were to be manned on the basis of one operator per process, then, apart from the operator of process 'D', the labour utilisation would be low. In this simple case, an obvious consideration would be the possibility of multi- manning, as shown in the next figure, where only three operators are required. However, real cases are seldom as simple as this, and it may be advantageous to use a technique devised for the purpose, line balancing, which we will illustrate by means of a slightly more complex example. A company provides a mail-shot service to its clients, and a recently arranged contract calls for 8,000 mail-shots per week to be processed. The mail preparation processes, their precedence relationships and estimated times (including fatigue and personal allowances) are presented in the following table. The company operates an 8-hour day, 5 days per week.


Related Discussions:- Line balancing of product layouts

Explain development impacted shangri la hotel strategy, Assess how employee...

Assess how employee training and development impacted Shangri La Hotel strategy to delight customer each and every time.

Process analysis, Process Analysis Process Analysis means the study of...

Process Analysis Process Analysis means the study of the overall process in factory (plant). It analyses every step of the manufacturing process and aims at improving the indu

Theory of constraints in a company, Theory of Constraints in a Company ...

Theory of Constraints in a Company The XYZ Group is one of the largest landscaping companies in the United States. Sixty per cent of the business is landscape maintenance; the

Assignment help, discuss the advisability using modular assemblies in manuf...

discuss the advisability using modular assemblies in manufacturing or what are the advantages and disadvantages?

Explain why is it impirtant for pay to be externally fair, 1. Why is it imp...

1. Why is it impirtant for pay to be externally fair? 2. Why is it important for pay to be internally fair? 3. What should Costa Vida's compensation strategy look like?

Explain what is framing and how frames work in negotiation, What is framing...

What is framing and how frames work in negotiation. Describe an example

Explain leadership is more important in today''s flatter, Do you think lead...

Do you think leadership is more important in today's flatter, team based, employee empowered organizations? Why or why not?

Answer, What happens if balance doesn’t exist?

What happens if balance doesn’t exist?

Linear programing, Ask question #Minimum 100 words acceptNas food produces ...

Ask question #Minimum 100 words acceptNas food produces to kinds of popular dark chocolate bars. the banana and coffee. the banana bar costs 0.22 to make and sells of 0.35, where a

Explain estimate of the dates of the milestones, You are in charge of organ...

You are in charge of organizing a dinner-dance concert for a local charity. You have reserved a hall which will seat 30 couples and have hired a band. Develop a scope statement for

Write Your Message!

Captcha
Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd