Library networks, Other Management

Library Networks 

A Library network is defined by Hunter and Bakewell as "A group of libraries and/or information service points, connected together for the purpose of satisfying specified requirements." 

Wynar says that the term "network" has been used to describe multi-library organisations designed to facilitate inter-library loan, reference, duplicate exchange, processing and the like". 

When any of the types of cooperation mentioned in Section 8.2 is to be achieved, networking of the libraries will be very useful. Through library networks cooperation and centralized processing becomes easy. 

To give you an idea of networks and their services two illustrations are given below. Figure 1 is the network where each individual participating library gets the services from a central coordinating body of library. 

90_star network.png

This type of network known as Star Network is illustrative of centralised processing and services. 

Figure 2 illustrates the type of network where all participating libraries mutually exchange services. It is a network which illustrates of cooperative processing and services. It can also have multiple network paths as illustrated in Figure 3 and it is known as Mesh Network.  

1238_network of library.png

In Figure 2, arrows are indicated both ways. In other words, each one of the participating libraries will have access to each and every other library in the network.  

229_network of library1.png

In a Mesh Network each centre known as node will inspect incoming messages or packets; accept those intended for it and pass on the others to appropriate nodes. 

There can be other types of networks also which can help the libraries in their cooperative and centralized activities. 

For example if the activities are confined to cenrtalized services like selection, acquisition, processing, information services, etc., within the same library system with several branches, a Hierarchical Network which is also known as Tree Network can be the solution.  

1732_network of library2.png

Two or more networks can be interconnected through what are known as 'Gateways'. A gateway, Purser says "is an interface between two distinct networks, in which some sort of conversion or mapping between the two formats and functions of data valid for each of the two networks takes place". 

For example in our country Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) acts as an international gateway. The illustration given below (figure 5) can give you some idea of a gateway and inter connection of networks.  

2323_network of library3.png

In an attempt to serve the user better-by providing exact, pin-pointed and exhaustive information expeditiously, libraries and information centres are now-a=days taking advantage of the developments in information technology. Library networks world wide are playing a key role in this regard.

Posted Date: 10/25/2012 8:17:01 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Library networks, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Library networks, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Library networks Discussions

Write discussion on Library networks
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Request for Quote  Request for Quote (RFQ), is a standard business process to invite suppliers into a bidding process to bid on specific products or services through Invitation

Question 1 Suppose you are the CEO of MS Bank Corporation. Your bank is facing interest rate risk which has affected its operation significantly. Expalin the factors that influenc

Macrowriting This term discover issues in written documents that have to do with the document as a whole. Important macrowriting parts include the overall company logics there

Added Entries: As mentioned earlier, Added Entries are made using the information given in the Main Entry. The number and  type of Added Entries required will vary according

Organisation: In an open access library which allows users to browse, choose and select books of their interest, shelf organisation and arrangement of books are of primary imp

Difference between dictionary and classified catalogue: Of the many inner forms of a library catalogue, the most popular ones are the dictionary and classified catalogues. The

Subject classification: A Compound Subject is a basic subject when it has at least one focus, or has at least an aspect, i.e., it has a basic facet and one or more isolate

COOPERATIVE CATALOGUING   In cooperative cataloguing a group of independent libraries share the cataloguing work. Needham says that cooperative cataloguing refers to "a situati

Trade Discounts: Trade discounts area common feature in book purchases. The discounts may vary according to categories of publications. Normally a 10% discount is admissible o

QUESTION (a) Give four reasons why e-mail is considered one of the most powerful of all marketing tactics. (b) Strategic Planning is the first step in the execution of an e-