Library networks, Other Management

Library Networks 

A Library network is defined by Hunter and Bakewell as "A group of libraries and/or information service points, connected together for the purpose of satisfying specified requirements." 

Wynar says that the term "network" has been used to describe multi-library organisations designed to facilitate inter-library loan, reference, duplicate exchange, processing and the like". 

When any of the types of cooperation mentioned in Section 8.2 is to be achieved, networking of the libraries will be very useful. Through library networks cooperation and centralized processing becomes easy. 

To give you an idea of networks and their services two illustrations are given below. Figure 1 is the network where each individual participating library gets the services from a central coordinating body of library. 

90_star network.png

This type of network known as Star Network is illustrative of centralised processing and services. 

Figure 2 illustrates the type of network where all participating libraries mutually exchange services. It is a network which illustrates of cooperative processing and services. It can also have multiple network paths as illustrated in Figure 3 and it is known as Mesh Network.  

1238_network of library.png

In Figure 2, arrows are indicated both ways. In other words, each one of the participating libraries will have access to each and every other library in the network.  

229_network of library1.png

In a Mesh Network each centre known as node will inspect incoming messages or packets; accept those intended for it and pass on the others to appropriate nodes. 

There can be other types of networks also which can help the libraries in their cooperative and centralized activities. 

For example if the activities are confined to cenrtalized services like selection, acquisition, processing, information services, etc., within the same library system with several branches, a Hierarchical Network which is also known as Tree Network can be the solution.  

1732_network of library2.png

Two or more networks can be interconnected through what are known as 'Gateways'. A gateway, Purser says "is an interface between two distinct networks, in which some sort of conversion or mapping between the two formats and functions of data valid for each of the two networks takes place". 

For example in our country Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) acts as an international gateway. The illustration given below (figure 5) can give you some idea of a gateway and inter connection of networks.  

2323_network of library3.png

In an attempt to serve the user better-by providing exact, pin-pointed and exhaustive information expeditiously, libraries and information centres are now-a=days taking advantage of the developments in information technology. Library networks world wide are playing a key role in this regard.

Posted Date: 10/25/2012 8:17:01 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Library networks, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Library networks, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Library networks Discussions

Write discussion on Library networks
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Advantages of Ordering procedure: 1)  Agents frequently allow a certain percentage of discount over the subscription rates of some periodicals where publishers do not offer an

R easons for quality improvement The Quality Improvement helps the organisation to continuously improve the quality of the product or the service. The quality improvement can

Loose assemblage is assembling together of two or more of: subjects (basic or compound) isolate ideas (in one and the same facet, or isolate ideas in one and the same array)

Classified Part  It is the arrangement of entries of documents by class number that gives the systematic and structured display of subjects in a classified catalogue. It maps

Merits of Dictionary Catalogue: a)  Its alphabetical arrangement is easy and simple to use. Anyone knowing the letters of an alphabet and being able to refer a dictionary can

QUESTION a) Public sector projects are being resorted to on a public-private basis. Explain what is public-private-partnership (PPP)? b) What are the benefits of public-priv

Request for Proposal (RFP) The RFP document for procurement of consultant is similar to tender document for procurement for works and goods. RFP provides all the instructions

Question 1 (a) Using examples, describe the process of communication, including the different elements of the communication process. (b) Show the different functions of co

Passing of Bills: The various jobs involved in the Bill Passing Work are:  •  Checking •  Certifying  •  Passing  •  Transmitting  A,  serious risk involved  in

Arrangement of Documents in Libraries: Until the end of the 19th century library collections were small in size. Not as many subject fields had developed as one notice now, an