Job analysis methods, HR Management

Job analysis methods has been conducted in several ways and selection of specific method will be based on the purposes for which the information is to be used (job evaluation, pay increases, development etc.)

There are 5 methods of job analysis:

(a)   Questionnaires: The job analyst administers a structured questionnaire to employees who then identify the tasks they perform in accomplishing the job.

There are two types of questionnaires:

(1) The structured questionnaire uses a standardized list of work activities, called a task inventory which job incumbents or supervisors may identify as related to the job. In addition, the respondent may also identify additional information such as how much time is spent on the task, the amount of supervision required, and/or the expertise required.

(2) The open-ended questionnaire asks the job incumbent to describe the work in his or her own words.

(b)   Observation: The job analyst witnesses the work being performed and records his or her observations. An observer will record what the worker does, how the work is done, and how long it takes. This method is primarily used to gather information on jobs emphasizing on manual skills such as a machine operator.

There are two types of observation:

(1) Continuous observation involves observing a job over a given period of time.

(2) Sampling involves observing several incumbents over random, relatively short periods of time. Observation is a simple and frequently used method of job analysis.

(c)    Interview: An understanding of the job may also be gained through interviewing both the employee and the supervisor. Sometimes more than one worker is interviewed, and the results are aggregated. Another variation is the group interview, where several incumbents are interviewed at the same time. Interview includes structured Interviews, unstructured interview and open - ended questions.

(d)   Employee recording: Job analysis information may be gathered through the employees describing their daily work activities in a diary or log. With this method, the valuable understanding of highly specialized jobs such as recreational therapist maybe be obtained.

(e)   Combination: A combination of the preceding job analysis methods is often used to collect job information. For example, in analyzing and administrative jobs, the analyst might use questionnaires supported by job interviews and limited observation. In studying production jobs, interviews supplemented by extensive work observation may provide the necessary data. 

Posted Date: 2/27/2013 2:17:39 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Job analysis methods, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Job analysis methods, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Job analysis methods Discussions

Write discussion on Job analysis methods
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Explain Management Skills. Management Skills: The skills needed of a successful manager, whether he is working in a business organization, industry, an educational institute

Q. What do you mean by Individual and group incentives? According to the L.G. Magginson, "Individual incentives are the extra compensation paid to an individual for all product

Explain the Formats of Resume? Chronological - focus on the past employment history beginning with the most recent job, reveal education and experience record. People wit

Primary and secondary data: Primary data is data collected specifically for the research enquiry being conducted. You could think of this in terms of generating fresh evidence

Ms.Varuna Agarwal is the HR Manager of Milestones Pvt Ltd.  She wants to ensure that employee discipline is well maintained. What are the important principles that have to be obse

Question 1: You are the manager of a firm selling shirts. Explain how you would employ the concepts of elasticities to make key managerial decisions. Question 2: What

Discuss the importance of recruitment and selection and analyse the different steps in selection

Q. Show basic Components of compensation ? Components of compensation / remuneration: to be specific, typical remuneration of an employee comprises: 1. Wages and salary: w

Question 1: (a) Explain the Communication Process Model and describe sequentially through the use of this model the various stages that can ensure effective business communicat

Quantitative data: Quantitative data is expressed in numbers. It comprises measurements of variables which, by statistical analysis, can be organised - totalled, averaged, etc