IS CODES FOR BUILDING DESIGN
The codes which help engineers to design buildings are following:
1. IS 456-2000. For the design of plain and reinforced concrete it is code of practice. It was first brought out in year 1953. It was revised in year 1957, 1984 and the latest revision is in the 2000. It provides specifications or specifies the other codes for the requirement of different materials used in making concrete. It classifies concrete into different grades based on 28 days concrete cube strength. It specifies the methods and care to be taken in transporting, compacting, placing and by using of concrete. It provides special design considerations; general design requirements and gives design process for many structural elements by restrict state method approach. Strength and serviceability both requirements are to be satisfied in the design.
IS 800-2007: It titled such as general Construction in steel-code and practice. Indian Standard Institution initiated action in the year 1950 to achieve efficient and optimum standards for structural steel products, and was able to bring out a code in the year 1956. The code was revised in year1962, 1984 and the latest revision is in the year 2007. It gives guidelines for many classes of steel, loads to be considered in the design and the method of designing steel members by restrict state method. In the design it gives the serviceability requirements to be fulfilled.
IS 875-1984: for Design Loads for Building and Structures It is the Indian Code of practice. It is available in 5 parts. Specifications are available for taking loads like, live loads, dead loads, wind loads, crane loads, snow loads, etc. Dead load depends upon the type of structures and also on the part of structure. Snow loads and Wind loads depend upon the region, location of site, height of building, slopes of building roof etc. The code gives the guidelines for finding these loads on the building to be designed. In the building design Code also gives the combination of loads to be considered.
IS 1343-1980: for prestressed concrete, it is the code of practice. It gives guidelines for, specifies workmanship, selecting materials inspection and testing. General design requirements and restrict state method for structural design are presented. Requirements for durability are also particular.
IS 1893-2002: for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures It gives criteria. IS 4928-1993 is the code of practice for Construction of Buildings and Earthquake Resistant Design. For Improving Earthquake Resistance of Low Cost Strength Masonry Buildings.
IS 13827-1992 gives guidelines IS 13920-1997: It is code of practice for Ductile Detailing of Reinforced concrete structures subjected to Seismic Forces. IS 13935-1993 gives guidelines for Seismic and Repair Strengthening of Buildings.