Inventor claims in adiabatic system - mechanics, Mechanical Engineering

Inventor claims in adiabatic system:

One inventor claims that 2 kg of air supplied to magic tube at 4 bar and 20°C and the two equal mass streams at 1 bar are produced, one at -20°C and other at 800C. The other inventor claims that it is also possible to produce equal mass streams, one at -40°C and the other at 40°C. Whose claim is correct and why? Consider that it is adiabatic system. (CP air 1.012 kJ/kg K)               

Sol: Given that:

Air supplied to magic tube = 2 kg

Inlet condition at magic tube = 4 bar, 20°C

Exit condition: Two equal mass streams, one at - 20°C and other at 80°C for inventor 1. One at - 40°C and other at 40°C for the inventor-II.

Assume that ambient condition 0°C i.e. = 0°C

125_Inventor claims in adiabatic system.png


This process is irreversible; the claim will be correct if the net entropy of the universe (system and surroundings) increases after the process.

Inventor I :

Total entropy at the inlet condition is

238_Inventor claims in adiabatic system1.png

S2 = 0.183

S2 = S1

S2  - S1 > 0

Hnne the claim of inventor is accepatable

For Inventor 2

S2  = 1. CP. ln (T1/T0) + 1. Cp  ln (T2/T0)

= 1 x 1.012ln[(- 40 + 273/273)] + 1 x 1.012ln[( 40 + 273)/273]

= - 0.0219KJ/K As              S2

S2  - S1 < 0

This violates the second law of thermodynamics. Therefore the claim of inventor is false. - ANS


Posted Date: 10/16/2012 6:58:10 AM | Location : United States

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