It is conducted on one to one basis. It is effective when a therapeutic rapport develops between patient and therapist. The common types of individual psychotherapy are: Psychoanalysis, Hypnotherapy, Abreaction, Reality therapy, Uncovering and Supportive therapy.
Definition: It is a form of psychotherapy modifying the faulty behaviour of patientlclient. (Refer Birnla Kapoor: Text Book of Psychiatric Nursing, Vol. I1 in which the therapist helps the client) Behaviour modification Systematic desensitization Aversion therapy Assertiveness training, and Positive reinforcement.
In interpersonal therapy the emphasis is mainly on the interpersonal relationship. The common therapies used for interpersonal psychotherapy are marital therapy, family therapy and transactional analysis. We will discuss mainly the family therapy.
It is used to improve relationship and also to modify home influence that may be the cause of problem for one or more members. The therapist helps the clientslmember to become aware of their disturbed behaviour due to defensive pattern used by them, specially used in marital disharmony, HIVI AIDS and Drug Abuse.