Illustrate simple ALU organisation, Computer Engineering

Q. Illustrate Simple ALU Organisation?

An ALU comprises circuits which perform data processing micro-operations. Though how are these ALU circuits used in conjunction of other registers and CU? The simplest organisation in this respect for fixed point ALU was proposed by John von Neumann in his IAS computer design.

2140_Illustrate Simple ALU Organisation.png

Figure: Structure of a Fixed point Arithmetic logic unit

The above structure has 3 registers AC, MQ and DR for data storage. Let's presume that they are equal to one word each. Please consider that Parallel adders and other logic circuits (these are the arithmetic, logic circuits) have two inputs and just one output in this figure. It suggests that any ALU operation at most can have two input values and will produce single output along with other status bits. In the current case the two inputs are AC and DR registers whereas output is AC register. AC and MQ registers are usually used as a single AC.MQ register. This register is capable of right or left shift operations. A number of the micro-operations which can be defined on this ALU are:

Addition            :  AC ← AC + DR

Subtraction        :  AC ← AC - DR 

AND                 :  AC ← AC ^ DR

OR                  :  AC ← AC   DR

Exclusive OR    :  AC ← AC (+) DR

NOT                 :  AC ← AC

In this ALU organisation division and multiplication were implemented employing shift-add/subtract operations. MQ (Multiplier-Quotient register) is a special register used for implementation of division andmultiplication. We aren't providing details of how this register can be used for implementing division and multiplication algorithms. For more details on these algorithms please refer to further readings. An example of this type of algorithm is Booth's algorithm and you should refer to it in further readings.  

For division or multiplication operations DR register stores the divisor or multiplicand respectively. The result of division or multiplication on applying certain algorithm can finally be attained in AC.MQ register combination. These operations can be signified as:

Multiplication   :  AC.MQ ← DR × MQ

Division           :  AC.MQ ← MQ ÷ DR

DR is another significant register which is used for storing second operand. Actually it acts as a buffer register that stores the data brought from memory for an instruction. In machines where we have general purpose registers any of the registers can be utilized like AC, MQ and DR.

Posted Date: 7/27/2013 3:15:12 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Illustrate simple ALU organisation, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Illustrate simple ALU organisation, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Illustrate simple ALU organisation Discussions

Write discussion on Illustrate simple ALU organisation
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Why must a modem be used to transmit binary data through a PSTN? (1) Use sketches and additional text to describe the following modulation methods. (a) Amplitude shift keying (b) F

The logic circuit given below, converts a binary code y 1 y 2 y 3 into Ans. Gray code is X1 = Y1,   X2 = Y1 XOR Y2  ,   X3 = Y1 XOR Y2 XOR Y3 For


A software development company wants to create a social network application where users can post brief audio messages giving their thoughts. Each user of the application will ha

Which technique is an encryption technique? Ans. Block cipher technique and also Steam cipher technique is an encryption technique.

To execute sparse matrix dynamically, Which data structure is used Linked List data structure is used to execute sparse matrix dynamically

Hyper-threading works by duplicating those parts of processor which store architectural state but not duplicating main execution resources. This permits a Hyper-threading equipped

Question (a) Imagine you need to move people through a distance of 10 miles, with the following specifications. • Car: capacity = 5, speed = 60 miles/hour • Bus: capacity

haw to convert context free grammar to regular grammar

All nodes in the structure of LDB need not be defined in the ABAP/4 Dictionary False. One has to describe all nodes in the Dictionary or single has to select all nodes that a