Identify the parties by name that have an obligation:
a. Buyer/Alpha hears a rumor that the toys have not been manufactured according to the expected specifications for such toys and that many of the toys crack and that the dyes rub off onto children's hands. The units have already been shipped and are on the high seas. Buyer's Bank/Commerce has received a properly endorsed Bill of Lading and the draft to pay under the LC along with all the other required documents. Buyer/Alpha seeks to stop payment for breach of contract and fraud and desperately is calling its Bank and sends a fax to Buyers Bank/Commerce demanding that his Bank stop payment due to breach of contract. Explain whether Buyer's Bank should or should not honor Buyer's request to stop payment.
b. Seller's Bank/Midland receives the properly endorsed Bill of Lading but notices that the draft is made payable to "Santa Clause" instead of "Santa Claus". Seller's Bank/Midland realizes this is a spelling mistake. But it still refuses to honor the draft for payment. Explain why you agree or do not agree with Seller's Bank‘s position referencing the appropriate provisions of the UCP.
c. From the very beginning, Buyer/Alpha was concerned about Seller/Santa Claus's ability to perform under the contract, so Buyer required Seller to obtain a Standby Letter of Credit in the amount of $21,000. Seller obtained the SLC from its bank/Midland payable to Buyer/Alpha. Buyer now invokes the SLC and demands payment from Sellers Bank/Midland. Should Midland pay Buyer/Alpha?