IAS 27 - Audit Process
IAS 27 applies to the presentation and preparation of consolidated financial statements for a group of entities within the control of a parent. It as well applies to accounting for investments in associates and subsidiaries, and jointly controlled entities in the separate financial statements of a parent.
Summary of IAS 27
A parent presents consolidated financial statements whether it consolidates its investment in subsidiaries as those entities such it controls; unless certain situation is met allowing it not to organize consolidated financial statements. The financial statements that are consolidated are prepared through uniform accounting policies. The reporting date of the parent and the subsidiaries of it shall not be much more than 3 months apart.
Whenever separate financial statements are ready, investment in subsidiaries, and associates and jointly controlled entities should be accounted for either on cost or in accordance along with IAS 39. The same accounting should be applied for each group of investments. IAS 27 identifies disclosures to be made in consolidated and divide financial statements.