Human factor theory - accident causation, Biology

Human Factor Theory - Accident Causation

This theory of accident causation suggests that a chain of events caused by human error is the cause of accident. The chain of events have three broad factors of overload, inappropriate response and not appropriate activities. Overload means that a worker is performing beyond his capacity. The capacity is the function of physical condition, fatigue, natural ability, training, state of mind, and work stress, Besides the work or job to be performed the worker may carry added burden from internal factors like personal problem, women and emotional stress and from external factors such as noise, distraction etc. Level of risks and unclear instruction may as well add to the load of a worker occasionally. A number of inappropriate responses to a specific situation keep coming from workers. Some see a hazardous condition and do nothing to right it before taking next step towards completion of a job.

Some workers shun the make use of a safeguard for increasing productivity. If established procedure of safety is disregarded it is an inappropriate response. Doing a job which a worker does not know completely or doing a job without knowing risk included are inappropriate activities. Human factor theory of accident causation has successfully described increasing number of accidents if a given factory has to produce double or much more than double the capacity. In a factory manufacturing kitchen wares, the production had to be raised three times because new markets were developed. Management in its anxiety to meet the production target offered higher overtime rates and workers accepted to be overloaded. To raise productivity they also removed machine safeguard which was an unsuitable response.

Posted Date: 1/28/2013 6:47:46 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Human factor theory - accident causation, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Human factor theory - accident causation, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Human factor theory - accident causation Discussions

Write discussion on Human factor theory - accident causation
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Which of the following BEST characterizes gas exchange in animal versus plant metabolism: Animals take in O2 and release CO2. Plants take in and release both O2 and CO2. Both anima

Categorisation of Major Brain Functions As a framework, the major brain functions typically divided into modalities and domains. The major modalities are motor function and th


Air pollutants - Effects on plants Particulate matter such as cement, coal, petro coke, dust, and fly-ash screen the light and thus change its quantity and quality. Dust plug

In the case story, Reggie presented with three typical signs of hip fracture-shortening, adduction, and the lateral rotation of the affected limb. What causes these signs? (HINT-th

a) Explain somatic hybridisation? b) Describe the various steps involved in the process. Mention any two uses of somatic hybridisation

Medicinal Value - Conservation of Wildlife About 40% of all drugs used throughout the world have active ingredients extracted from plants and animals. The world-wide annual sa

Explain the Population Growth? A population can grow, it can remain stable, or it can decrease in size. Measuring the size of a population over time is used to help determine t

Define Descending type of paper chromatography? In descending chromatography, the movement or flow of mobile phase is in downward direction. In this technique the solvent is ke

Many vitamins are enzyme cofactors that cannot be synthesized by the organism and must be attained from the diet.