History of the cell, Biology


  • Term "Cytology" was given by Hertwig, he also wrote a book on "Cell and Tissue".
  • Father of cytology = Robert Hooke.
  • Father of Modern cytology = C.P. Swanson.
  • Father of Indian cytology = A. K. Sharma.
  • CCMB = Centre for cellular & Molecular Biology, Hyderabad.
  • Dr. Lal ji Singh = Father of Indian DNA finger printing
  • Robert Hooke wrote a book Micrographia, 1665. Actually R. Hooke saw the cell wall not the cell in the thin layer of cork, dead bark of Spanish oak (Quercus suber) through microscope.
  • Nehmiah Grew (1682) initiated "Cell Concept" - Plant tissues contain minute elementary structures or cells.
  • Malpighi & Grew saw the plant cell and called them sacculus and utriculus (saw the I living cells in plants)
  • Antony Von Leevwenhoek, 1674 observed Bacteria, Protozoans, RBCs, spermatozoa etc. (Saw the I living animal cells) - Animalcule
  • Term "Prokaryotes" and "Eukaryotes given by Daugherty (Rene + Dutrochet)
  • Term "Mesokaryotes = Dodge.
  • e.g. Dianoflagllates, they don't have de-oxyribo nucleohistone and undergo dinomitosis.
  • Smallest measuring unit in cytology = Angstrom (Å)
Posted Date: 10/5/2012 3:14:33 AM | Location : United States

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