Growth in Private Capital Flows is explained below:
There has been a extraordinary growth in private capital flows since the 1990s. For instance, the value of capital flow transactions has increased to about 100 times the value of trade transactions. This was not always so, as until a extended time after the begning of the 20th century, trade flows remained either equal to or greater than the private capital flows!
The rapid rise in the private capital flows highlights the speed of integration of the financial markets worldwide. Innovations in communications technology and financial market engineering in today’s scenario permit cross-country transactions worth billions of dollars to be executed in real-time. At the same time, capital account liberalization in number of countries, poor and rich, has played the significant role in boosting up these flows.