Gating system design, Other Engineering

A gating system is usually made up of :

                        (i) Pouring basin                 

                        (ii) Sprue well

                        (iii) Runner                           

                        (iv) Flow-off gate

Basic requirements expected from a gating system are to minimize turbulence and the aspiration of air and gases, to avoid dross formation to decrease the velocity of metal. So as to minimize mould erosion, to avoid premature freezing of metal and assist in developing proper temperature gradient.

            The are of sprue base                    

                        As = Ra(d√2gH)


                        R = Adjusted pouring rate, d = density of molten metal

                        H = Sprue height

             Here   Ra =    R         R = Pouring rate



                                                            K = Metal fluidity

                                                            C = Friction coefficient

            The pouring rate R for ferrous metals and copper base alloys is given by the empirical formula


                        R = (w)P

                           (0.95+t/0.853)                W = Weight of casting

                                                                         t = Critical casting thickness

            and P a quotient whole value depends upon the weight of the casting.

The value of P for different castings is as given:

                                    Weight of Casting                                                  Value of P    

                                          Up to 500 Kg                                                            0.50

                                       500 - 5000 Kg                                                     0.67

                                    5000 - 15000 Kg                                                     0.70

            For light metal castings : R = b w

Where the value of b relies on the wall thickness

                                    Weight of Casting                                                  Value of P

                                           Below 6 mm                                                            1.48

                                  6 - 12 mm                                                              1.25

                                  Above 12 mm                                                          0.70

Posted Date: 8/3/2012 1:28:30 AM | Location : United States

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