Fuel system inhibiting.
The fuel used in turbine engines usually contains a small quantity of water which, if left in the system, could cause corrosion. All the fuel should therefore be removed and replaced with an approved inhibiting oil by one of the following methods:
This should be used on all installed engines where it is convenient to turn the engine using the normal starting system. A header tank is used to supply inhibiting oil through a suitable pipe to the engine. A filter and an on/off cock are incorporated in the supply pipe, which should be connected to the low pressure inlet to the engine fuel system and the aircraft LP cock closed. After draining the engine fuel filter a motoring run should be carried out bleeding the high pressure pump and fuel control unit, and operating the HP cock several times while the engine is turning. Neat inhibiting oil will eventually be discharged through the fuel system and combustion chamber drains. When the motoring run is complete the bleeds should be locked, the oil supply pipe disconnected and all apertures sealed or blanked off.
Pressure Rig Method
This may be used on an engine which is installed either in the aircraft or in an engine stand. A special rig is used which circulates inhibiting oil through the engine fuel system at high pressure. The fuel filter should be drained and, where appropriate, the aircraft LP cock closed. The inlet and outlet pipes from the rig should be connected to the high pressure fuel pump pressure tapping and the system low pressure inlet respectively, and the rig pump turned on. While oil is flowing through the system the components should be bled and the HP cock operated several times. When neat inhibiting oil flows from the combustion chamber drains the rig should be switched off and disconnected, the bleed valves locked and all apertures sealed or blanked off.
This is used when the engine cannot be turned. A header tank similar to the one used in the motoring method is required but in this case the feed pipe is provided with the fittings necessary for connection at several positions in the engine fuel system. The fuel filter should first be drained then the oil supply pipe connected to each of the following positions in turn, inhibiting oil being allowed to flow through the adjacent pipes and components until all fuel is expelled:
(a) High pressure fuel pump pressure tapping.
(b) Fuel control unit pressure tapping.
(c) Burner Manifold.
(d) Low pressure inlet pipe.
Components should be bled at the appropriate time and the HP cock operated several times when inhibiting the fuel control unit. All bleeds and apertures should be secured when the system is full of inhibiting oil.