Freshwater animals, Biology

Freshwater Animals

In Figure you have seen that the body fluids of freshwater animals are hyperosmotic to their aqueous surroundings. This results in two-kinds of osmotic problems;

  1. Due to osmotic gradient water moves into their bodies resulting in swelling of their body.
  2. Since the surrounding environment is low in salt content, there is continuous loss of body salts.

Therefore, freshwater animals just prevent net gain of water and net loss of salts. Net gain of water is prevented by producing dilute urine. Freshwater fishes produce copious urine than the marine fishes. The useful salts are largely retained by reabsorption in the kidney tubules. The salts which are passed out in urine are replaced partly from the ingested food. Salts are also extracted from the hypoosmotic surroundings by active transport across the transporting epithelia. The transporting epithelia for example are found in the gills of fish and in the skin of amphibians. The active transport of NaCl in gills takes place against a concentration gradient in excess of 100 folds.

Posted Date: 1/16/2013 2:36:22 AM | Location : United States

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