Fractures-first aid treatment of localized injuries, Science

Fractures : It is not our intention to introduce you to many types of fractures that can occur or all the ways a first aider might deal with them. The essential thing is that you know that complications can arise from moving a casualty with a fracture without first taking steps to immobilize the fractured part.

Any broken or cracked bone is referred to as a fracture. The general symptoms of a fracture are as follows:

  • Tenderness when gentle pressure is applied to the affected area and localized pain which increases if the injured part is moved. Some fractures such as those of the wrist or of fingers produce little pain and the casualty may feel that he/she has only bruised or strained the affected area.
  • Swelling occurs as a result of blood loss into the surrounding tissues and may mask other symptoms.
  • Deformity or unnatural movement; wherever possible the injured and uninjured parts should be compared.
  • Shock.

The recommended action in any accident in which a fracture is suspected is to keep the casualty still and not to move him/her unless it is necessary to separate him/her from some other hazard which could endanger his/her life.

Remember that any movement can cause further injury and the part should be immobilized by means of a body bandage or by the use of splint and bandage

The best general treatment is to

1) cover the casualty with a blanket

2) keep the casualty warm

3) send for an ambulance

4) Treat for shock and do not give any drinks.

Posted Date: 4/20/2013 5:19:52 AM | Location : United States

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