Formula concentration and supplementation - calorie density, Biology

Define Formula Concentration and Supplementation - Calorie Density?

Formula Concentration can be done by decreasing the amount or water added in the mixing of the formula. Standard formula has calorie density (1.67 Kcal/ml. The advancement in density should be gradual with careful monitoring, ensuring gastrointestinal and metabolic tolerance. As for proteins, diet should contain between 8-10 % (energy percent or percentage of energy). Attention needs be paid to the sodium content of the feed on increasing the formula by concentration method. In infants with severe CHD and failure to thrive, formula density should not exceed 0.8  Kcal/ml. Severely malnourished CHD infants may develop lactase deficiency and  thus use of soya based infant formulas is suggested.

Increased calorie density of a formula may be achieved through .supplementation with carbohydrate or fat module. Addition of glucose and lipid maintains a lower renal solute load and osmolality. On adding more than one module component, maintenance of calorie distribution is gradual and stepwise. Care is to be taken that with supplementation the percentage of calories from proteins does not fall to less than 6-7 (energy percent or percentage of energy). Breast milk feeding/expressed breast milk is the best food for the infant. Breast milk contains 0.66 Kcal/ml; although provides nutritional and immunologic advantages it is not able to meet adequate calorie and protein intake. Thus breast-feeding may be alternated with high calorie density formula to ensure total intake of 120-140 Kcal/kg /day.

Posted Date: 6/29/2013 8:20:02 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Formula concentration and supplementation - calorie density, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Formula concentration and supplementation - calorie density, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Formula concentration and supplementation - calorie density Discussions

Write discussion on Formula concentration and supplementation - calorie density
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
How will the plant-incorporated protectants rules change EPA's current registration process? The rules clarify which plant-incorporated protectants are needed to be evaluated u

Explain Endonucleases Endonucleases  are  nucleases present  in  the pancreatic juice like RNAase  andDNAase. These hydrolyze internal phosphodiester bonds which are located m

At 1 AM, a researcher places a healthy squid giant axon in a bath of normal squid physiological extracellular saline and internally perfuses the axon with normal squid intracellula

Membrane-bound organelles are absent in : 1. Saccharomyces 2. Streptococcus 3. Chlamydomonas 4. Plasmodium Streptococcus

Normal 0 false false false EN-IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

State in brief about the nuclear DNA The nuclear DNA is distributed between two or more chromosomes, the number of which varies among different eukaryotes, and is characterist

The use of the gums in various foods may affect the following functional properties: 1. Water-binding capacity 2. Rheological properties 3.  Capacity to form film or gel

Explain in brief about the diseases Sleep paralysis This is an episode of paralysis in the transition between wakefulness and sleep. The period of paralysis is usually brief bu

Q. What is Catharanthus roseus pharmaceutical compounds? This species yielded the alkaloids vincristine and vinblastine. Traditionally used by various cultures for the treatmen

What happens to a denatured enzyme regarding its functionality? How can that result be explained with the help of the lock and key model? According to the lock and key model th