Fixed bias with emitter resistor:
Figure: Fixed bias with emitter resistor
The fixed bias circuit is changed through attaching an external resistor to the emitter. This resistor establishes negative feedback which stabilizes the Q-point. From the voltage law of Kirchhoff, the voltage across the base resistor is
VRb = VCC - IeRe - Vbe.
From the law of Ohm, the base current is
Ib = VRb / Rb.
The manner feedback controls the bias point is like this. If Vbe is stay constant and temperature get increases, emitter current also increases. Though, a larger Ie increases the emitter voltage Ve = IeRe, in turn which decreases the voltage VRb across the base resistor. A lower base-resistor voltage drop decreases the base current that results in less collector current since Ic = ß IB. Collector current and emitter current are related through the Ic = α Ie with α ≈ 1, thus an increase in emitter current with temperature is opposed, and operating point is kept stable.