The First Human Fossil The earliest human like or hominid remains come from two separate East African sites. Ethiopia has yielded several hundred fossil fragments of individuals that lived and died between 3.0 and 3.6 million years ago. The second site is in Tanzania where three hominids left a 20m trail of footprints some 3.75 million years ago. It is concluded that these earliest hoeids were built with an ape's head on top of a man-like body. They show hominid characteristics to place them firmly within human ancestry. There is evidence that they walked on two feet. However, enough primitive features still remained, so as to put them close to an ape-like ancestor with tree climbing habits.