Financing of healthcare - constraints, Biology

Financing of Healthcare - Constraints

One of the major constraints to improve the healthcare delivery system in developing countries is weak public sector management. These economies are characterised by the presence of large rural areas and high informalised labour markets which pose particular difficulties/challenges in the administration of effective taxation procedures. In view of this situation, it is necessary to improve/strengthen the delivery systems at the district and municipal levels where the systems are particularly weak. In the absence of efficient and adequate public sector health services, the out-of-pocket health expenditures are very high in these countries (estimated at 60 per cent of total health expenditure in low income countries and 40 per cent in middle income countries).

The challenge for low and middle income countries is therefore to channelise the high levels of out-of-pocket spending into either public or private resource pooling arrangements. The features of such financing mechanisms differ significantly with no one method being inherently better than another. Policy planning in such situations needs to duly take into account the context to determine which method constitutes the best means for developing a strong health financing system ensuring the three principles of equity, efficiency and sustainability. The mechanisms chosen to govern the system must be aligned with country-specific economic, institutional and cultural characteristics.

Posted Date: 12/17/2012 12:44:39 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Financing of healthcare - constraints, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Financing of healthcare - constraints, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Financing of healthcare - constraints Discussions

Write discussion on Financing of healthcare - constraints
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Why should an athletes take Proteins? Proteins are basically taken for their ergogenic properties of enhancing endurance and increasing or maintaining muscle mass to improve st

Define the Micronutrient Deficiencies? In the previous section, we learnt about macronutrient deficiencies i.e. protein energy malnutrition in children. We are now aware that t

African swine fever African swine fever (ASF), a highly contagious viral disease of swine and other porcine animals (generally confined to the African continent, part of Weste

General characters of phylum protozoa

Explain Acyclovir Available in topical, oral, and intravenous (IV) formulations, acyclovir is used to treat herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infectio

Cleft Palate: Well you have now learnt about the cleft lip and now let us dicuss and understand what is cleft palate. Cleft palate (CP) is midline fissure of  the palate that

Q. Which cell organelles are well-developed in secretory cells? In secretory cells, like the secretory cells of endocrine glands, organelles related to production, "exportation

Q. Importance of counselling for diabetic patient? Diabetes is a life-long illness. Life style modification and precautions taken by the patient can prevent complications and i

Is ABO blood compatibility enough for the safety of blood transfusion? Moreover ABO blood compatibility the compatibility concerning the Rh blood system must also be checked. A

Define Historical example of virulence? The "classical dogma" of epidemiologists was that pathogens all the time evolve in the direction of lower virulence, eventually becoming