Financing of healthcare - constraints, Biology

Financing of Healthcare - Constraints

One of the major constraints to improve the healthcare delivery system in developing countries is weak public sector management. These economies are characterised by the presence of large rural areas and high informalised labour markets which pose particular difficulties/challenges in the administration of effective taxation procedures. In view of this situation, it is necessary to improve/strengthen the delivery systems at the district and municipal levels where the systems are particularly weak. In the absence of efficient and adequate public sector health services, the out-of-pocket health expenditures are very high in these countries (estimated at 60 per cent of total health expenditure in low income countries and 40 per cent in middle income countries).

The challenge for low and middle income countries is therefore to channelise the high levels of out-of-pocket spending into either public or private resource pooling arrangements. The features of such financing mechanisms differ significantly with no one method being inherently better than another. Policy planning in such situations needs to duly take into account the context to determine which method constitutes the best means for developing a strong health financing system ensuring the three principles of equity, efficiency and sustainability. The mechanisms chosen to govern the system must be aligned with country-specific economic, institutional and cultural characteristics.

Posted Date: 12/17/2012 12:44:39 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Financing of healthcare - constraints, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Financing of healthcare - constraints, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Financing of healthcare - constraints Discussions

Write discussion on Financing of healthcare - constraints
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Q. Do echinoderms present external or internal fecundation? Is there sex division among individuals? The fecundation in echinoderms is external, gametes are liberated in water

Q. Explain Therapy of Specific Lipid Disorders? a) Very high LDL levels usually result from inherited disorders of lipoprotein metabolism and carry a high risk of premature at

Q Lower Oesophageal Sphincter? Competency of LES (Lower Oesophageal Sphincter) is important. The pressure of this sphincter is controlled by many factors, one of which is hormo

In the prokaryotes,  RNA transcribed  from protein-coding  genes or messenger  RNA, mRNA,  need  little  or  no  changes  prior  to  translation.  In reality, several mRNA   molecu

What is Iodoacetate inhibitor Iodoacetate is the inhibitor of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate  dehydrogenase.

What are the approaches to the design of retaining walls? The approach to the design of retaining walls can be started as follows: a. Chosse a trial dimension of the wall

Why do substances react with each other? Chemical reactions occur due to the products of the reaction have less energy than the reactants (drive toward less energy). These reac

Explain the Bioavailability of Folate? Bioavailability of folate from naturally occurring food sources is variable and frequently incomplete, as mentioned earlier in the food

Osmotic adjustment or Osmoregulation - Osmotic Stress If concentration of soluble matter (in the form of minerals and small organic molecules) builds up in the external medium

Define Advantages and Disadvantages of Measurement of Cell Mass? Advantage 1. It is a useful technique for estimating fungal and actinomycetes growth. Disadvantages 1.