Feudal society, Science

The Feudal Society:

The economic basis of  the feudal system was land, and the village was its economic unit. The feudal economy was dependent on local agricultural production  and a scatte~ed  handicraft industry. In  the villages, peasants or serfs shared the land and work. But  they were forced to yield part of  the produce or labour  to their lords in  the form of  rent, taxes or feudal service. Usually, a lord owned one or more villages or land  in  several villages. The serfs were obliged to maintain their lords and they were not allowed to leave the land on which they worked. This obligation of  feudal service, that  is, of work exacted by  force or by custom backed by force, is  the characteristic of  the feudal system. What distinguished the serfs from the slaves of classical times is that unlike the latter who were owned by  the slaveowners, the former were free men and had a secure tenure to cultivate land. Though  the serfs were nominally free, their condition was not much better than that of  slaves. However, social pressures on them had been somewhat reduced. This feudal order lasted until about  the seventeenth century in Europe. The period from the tenth century to about the fifteenth century is usually called the Middle Ages in Europe. In this period, the Church was the centre of power. It provided a common basis of authority for all Christendom. It was also an  instrument for intellectual expression. All intellectual activity was carried on by people who were part of  the Church. Thus, the Church dominated all walks of  life. Therefore, the clergy had  to be  trained to think and write, in  order that they may be  able to defend the faith and take up missionary work. At  first, this need was met by setting up cathedral schools. By  the twelfth century, these had grown into universities. The first university  to come up in  this period was at Paris, in France, in  1160. It was followed by  the founding of  Oxford University  in  1167 and Cambridge University  in  1209 in Britain. Then came the universities in Padua (1222), and Naples (1224) in  Italy, Prague (1347) in Czechoslovakia, and several others. These universities were mainly for training the clergy.  

Posted Date: 9/27/2012 8:48:07 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Feudal society, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Feudal society, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Feudal society Discussions

Write discussion on Feudal society
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
The three clinical nurse consultants working in gastrointestinal surgery received 14 face-to-face hours of research training, including instruction in qualitative interview techniq

What layer of the earth does magma form? Magma is part of the layer just under the crust. It tell us that while everything seems solid underfoot in fact that is not quite so

Explain General Structural Plan of the Gastrointestinal Tract The wall of the gastrointestinal tract consists of four layers of tissue. These are: Adventitia or outer co

Part 1 1)    Client Assessment.  In the clinical setting you will: Perform an holistic, nursing focused client assessment and document your findings.You are required to use: a)

describe the factors which decide the broad area of scientific activity

How do you draw topographic maps?


Give reason for the benifits of our technological development not reaching all the strata of our society.

REQUIREMENTS 1. Stock register of a science laboratory 2. Loose paper sheets 3. Pen 4. Pencil 5. Rubber

similarity between granite and rhyolite