Factors influencing plant layout, Operation Management

Factors Influencing Plant Layout

While choosing the layout for a factory the following factors should be taken into consideration:

  • Management Policy: Management has to decide on many matters, e, g, nature and quality of products size of the plant integration of production process plans for expansion amount of inventory in stock employee facilities etc.
  • Management Process: The type of manufacturing process, e, g, synthetic analytical continuous intermittent and repetitive non repetitive, will govern the type of plant layout.
  • Nature of Project: The type of product to be manufactured affects plant layout in several ways. Small and light products can be moved easily to the machines whereas for heavy and bulky products the machine may have to be moved. Large and heavy equipment requires assembly bays. One or a few standardized products can better be produced through product layout while process layout is more useful for producing a large variety of non standardized products. Quality and fragility of the product also influences the layout.
  • Volume of Production: The plant layout and material handling equipment in the large scale organization will be different from the same in the small scale manufacturing industry.
  • Types of Building: The plant layout in a single storey building will be different from that in a multi-storey building. The covered area, the number of story elevators and stairs parking and storage area all affect the layout.
  • Type of Equipment: the use of single purpose and multipurpose machines substantially affects the plant layout. Similarly noisy and vibrating machines require special attention in the plant layout decision.
  • Availability of Total Floor Area: The allocation of space for machines workbenches sub store aisles etc is made on the basis of the available floor area. Use of overhead space is made in case of shortage of space.
  • Arrangement of Material Handling Equipment: The plant layout and material handling services are closely related and the latter has a decisive effect on the arrangement of production process and plant services. It is necessary to provide adequate aisles for free movement of materials handling equipment such as hand truck, fork truck etc.
  • Service Facilities: The layout of factory must include proper service facilities required for the comfort and welfare of workers. These include canteen, lockers, drinking water first aid etc.
  • Possibility of Future Expansion: Plant layout is made in the light of future requirements and installations of additional facilities.
Posted Date: 1/11/2013 7:20:48 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Factors influencing plant layout, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Factors influencing plant layout, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Factors influencing plant layout Discussions

Write discussion on Factors influencing plant layout
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
What is the relationship between mass customisation and rapid product development

Explain value chain analysis according to Porter. According to Porter’s value chain analysis: Value chain analysis (VCA) is a position audit element which examines the in

Distinguish between a general benefit and a specific benefit. Why do customers respond positively to specific benefits?

Consider an international firm you are familiar with, and consider what the firm needs to be concerned about when entering a foreign marketplace. Specifically, in terms of the chap

What are the disadvantages of the chase demand strategies? The disadvantages of the chase demand strategies are as illustrated below: a. Over reliance onto flexible staff th

As area sales manager for a company manufacturing and marketing outboard engines, you have been assigned the responsibility of conducting a research study to estimate the sales pot

Should Adobe establish a policy for granting flexible work schedule? If yes what might that policy contain?

Suppose rf is 5% and rM is 10%. According to the SML and the CAPM, an asset with a beta of -2.0 has a required return of negative 5% [= 5 - 2(10 - 5)]. Can this be possible? Does t

Round, flat, filbert or sword types/shapes of what tool

What is meant by Direct Cost? Ans: Direct Cost is Direct Material cost and Labour cost.