Eyeball - choroid, Biology


  • Thin, net like made up of connective tissue, rich in blood vessels.
  • Pigment present, red in rabbit, brown or black in man. It reduces internal reflection.
  • Except cornea this layer is attached to sclerotic.
  • In front of cornea this layer froms a thin coloured partition i.e. iris. IRIS -
  • It is perforated in the middle by an aperture pupil. Iris is highly muscular
  • Circular and radial muscles are present. Circular muscles are sphincter type. Radial muscles are dilator type.
  • On contraction of circular muscles diameter of pupil is reduced it is myosis, it takes place in sharp light.
  • On contraction of radial muscles diameter of pupil is increased, it is mydriosis, it occurs in dimlight.
  • Atropine is used to dialate pupil.


  • Basal part of iris is highly muscular having circular, radial and obligue muscles. It is known as cilliary body.
  • On its free surface 70 - 80 cilliary processes present secretes aquous humour in aquous chamber.
  • Cilliary body also affects convexity of lens.


Posted Date: 10/3/2012 4:13:10 AM | Location : United States

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