Q. Explain about Microwave irradiation?
Most micro-organisms are destroyed by the action of microwave of a frequency of about 2450 MHz and a wavelength of 12.24 cm. The water contained within the waste is rapidly heated by the microwaves and the infectious components are destroyed by heat conduction.
There are two types of disposal land:
1. Open dumps
2. Sanitary landfills
Health care waste should not be deposited on or around open dumps. The risk of either people or animals coming into contact with infectious pathogens is obvious.