Exchange Rate Policy:
LERMS, a dual exchange rate system, was introduced in the Budget for 1992-93. Under this system, 40 per cent of foreign exchange earnings were to be surrendered at the official exchange rate. Remaining 60 per cent were converted at a market-determined rate.
- Budget for 1993-94 introduced UERS which makes rupee convertible at unified market determined rate of exchange. All payments and receipts of foreign exchange to be converted in rupees at market-determined rate of exchange.
- Budget for 1994-95 introduced full convertibility on current account that makes many trade transactions relatively more free of controls.
- Import restrictions on capital goods, raw materials and components virtually eliminated. Thus, excess import demand will be reflected in a higher market exchange rate and self-correcting mechanism will operate to keep trade deficit in check.