Estimate demand or supply-equilibrium price, Macroeconomics

Suppose that the demand curve for apples is given by Qd = 140 -  5P, where Qd is the number of pounds demanded per year and p is the price per pound. The supply of apples can be described by Qs = 40 + 3P, where Qs is the number of pounds provided.

A   What is the equilibrium price? (Hint: At the equilibrium, quantity demanded and quantity supplied are equal, Qd = Qs.)

equate demand to supply

140-5P=40+3P

100=8P

P= 12.5

B   What is the equilibrium quantity supplied and demanded?

Put the value of P in demand, supply equation In supply equation we get Q= 77.5 = 40+3*12.5 = quantity demanded = quantity supplied as this is an equilibrium point

C   Calculate the consumer surplus at the equilibrium price.

We need price when Qd= 0

Put Qd= 0 in demand equation to get P= 140/5 =28

Consumer surplus = ½*(28-12.5) *77.5 = 600.625

D  Calculate the producer surplus at the equilibrium price.

We need price when Qs= 0

Put Qs= 0 in supply equation to get P= -40/3

Producer surplus = ½*(12.5-(-40/3) *77.5 = 1000.9125

E Calculate the total surplus at the equilibrium price.

Total surplus = 600.625+1000.6125 = 1601.0375

F  Now suppose that the government imposes a tax of $8 per each pound sold, paid by

the consumers,. In this case, what are the price and the consumer surplus? 

Now supply curve becomes Qs= 40+3(p-8) = 16+3p

For equilibrium:

16+3p = 140-5p

8p = 124

P = 15.5 and Q= 140-5*15.5=62.5

Consumer surplus = ½*(28-15.5)*62.5 = 390.625

Posted Date: 3/6/2013 4:42:27 AM | Location : United States







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