**Equivalent Shaft Horsepower (EHP)**

In practice there is always a certain amount of jet thrust in the total output of the turbo-propeller engine and this must be added to the s.h.p. The correction for jet thrust is the same as that specified earlier.

To distinguish between these two aspects of the power output, it is usual to refer to them as s.h.p. and thrust horse-power (t.h.p.). The total equivalent horse-power is denoted by t.e.h.p. (sometimes e.h.p.) and is the s.h.p. plus the s.h.p. equivalent to the net jet thrust. For estimation purposes it is taken that, under sea-level static conditions, one s.h.p. is equivalent to approximately 2.6 lb. of jet thrust. Therefore:

**t.e.h.p. = s.h.p. +jetthrust lb/2.6**

The ratio of jet thrust to shaft power is influenced by many factors. For instance, the higher the aircraft operating speed the larger may be the required proportion of total output in the form of jet thrust. Alternatively, an extra turbine stage may be required if more than a certain proportion of the total power is to be provided at the shaft. In general, turbo-propeller aircraft provide one pound of thrust for every 3.5 h.p. to 5 h.p.

**COMPARISON BETWEEN THRUST AND HORSE-POWER**

Because the turbo-jet engine is rated in thrust and the turbo-propeller engine in s.h.p., no direct comparison between the two can be made without a power conversion factor. However, since the turbo-propeller engine receives its thrust mainly from the propeller, a comparison can be made by converting the horse-power developed by the engine to thrust or the thrust developed by the turbo-jet engine to t.h.p.; that is, by converting work to force or force to work. For this purpose, it is necessary to take into account the speed of the aircraft.

**t.h.p. is expressed as FV/550 ft. per sec**

Where F = lb of thrust

V = aircraft speed (ft. per sec)

Since one horse-power is equal to 550ft.lb. per sec. and 550 ft. per sec. is equivalent to 375 miles per hour, it can be seen from the above formula that one lb. of thrust equals one t.h.p. at 375 m.p.h. It is also common to quote the speed in knots (nautical miles per hour); one knot is equal to 1.1515 m.p.h. or one pound of thrust is equal to one t.h.p. at 325 knots.

Thus if a turbo-jet engine produces 5,000 lb. of net thrust at an aircraft speed of 600 m.p.h. the t.h.p. would be 5000*600/375 = 8000

However, if the same thrust was being produced by a turbo-propeller engine with a propeller efficiency of 55 percent at the same flight speed of 600 m.p.h., then the t.h.p. would be: 8000*100*/55 = 14545

Thus at 600 m.p.h. one lb. of thrust is the equivalent of about 3 t.h.p.