Enema may be given for the purpose of cleansing, for therapeutic purpose; to relieve intra-cranial pressure, abdominal distension, intusssception and for diagnostic purpose.
The procedure has to be done in the same way as for an adult patient. But its essential to remember that small tubing will be required and more precaution to be taken and the amount of fluid required is less. The tube should be inserted 2 to 4 inches only. Hang solution reservoir not higher than 30-45 cm above the infant's hips.
The equipment used should be thoroughly washed, dried and replaced.