Encyclopaedias, Humanities

Encyclopaedias

An encyclopaedia is a systematic summary of the knowledge that is most important to man-kind. It is a work having information on all subjects or limited to a special field or subject, arranged in systematic (generally alphabetical) order. Encyclopaedias might be in one volume, in which case very small information will be given, or they any be in many volumes in which the various kinds of matter will be comprehensive. Encyclopaedias are usually written by experts, and sometimes contain bibliographies and illustrations. It is different from dictionaries in the sense that dictionary, tells "what", about a word whereas an encyclopeadia tells "what","how",  "when", "where'', and "why" of an idea, a place, a person, air event or things. 

Encyclopaedias are major reference sources, containing so much information that at one time, good encyclopaedias were referred to as the backbone of the reference service in the libraries. The etymology of the word encyclopaedia is Greek and means a cycle of instruction, which otherwise means good education. The term was first used in the book Johann Henrich Alsted's Encyclopaedia Cursus Philosophici, Herbom, 1608.

The first known encyclopaedia was written by Aristotle, the ancient Greek philosopher, which resulted from his assembled treatises. That is why Aristotle is referred to as the father of encyclopaedias although he never intended to write one. The first encyclopaedia to be published in English was John Harris's Laxion Technicum, or, An Universal English Dictionary of the Arts and Sciences, London, 1704. One of the' initial encyclopaedias was the Spanish Archbishop Isidore of Seville's Etymologiarum sine originum libriXX which was completed in 623 A.D. More than a thousand manuscripts of this survived, and in printed form it had an undiminished appeal as late as the 17th century.

Encyclopaedias are of various types. Two main types are the General encyclopaedia such as the Encyclopaedia Britanica and the subject encyclopaedias like the Encyclopaedia of Religion.

Posted Date: 11/2/2012 4:33:56 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Encyclopaedias, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Encyclopaedias, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Encyclopaedias Discussions

Write discussion on Encyclopaedias
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Standard Vocabulary   As SLSH is not backed by any library collection, so updating and revision of subject headings cannot keep pace with changing  current terminology and grow

stress and brunout in teacher

iven the medieval works of art we have studied, evaluate how religion influenced the aesthetics of the period. Use at least two examples of art we have studied in this course as th

what effect does this demographic have on university entry

In terms of technological but also social development, what do you think was the significance of the Bronze Age?

Compare the Mesopotamians views with that of Egyptians toward the world, afterlife, and the role of leaders in the society? show how this is reflected in the arts or religious symb

Global Change-Issues and Impacts: This change refers to planetary-scale modifications in the Earth system. The systems comprise the oceans, land, poles, atmosphere, life, the natur

Development with culture and identity: Indigenous peoples often have a different vision on development than the western, dominant vision. The western vision is more based on

how does infidelity from a wife in a marriage affect her as her husband''s agent in domestic agency of necessity?

Objectives   There are basically two objectives for having a controlled vocabulary:  a)  to promote the consistent representation  of the subject  matter  of documents by in