Emptiness problem, Theory of Computation

The Emptiness Problem is the problem of deciding if a given regular language is empty (= ∅).

Theorem 4 (Emptiness) The Emptiness Problem for Regular Languages is decidable.

Proof: We'll sketch three different algorithms for deciding the Emptiness Problem, given some DFA A = (Q,Σ, T, q0, F).

(Emptiness 1) A string w is in L(A) iff it labels a path through the transition graph of A from q0 to an accepting state. Thus, the language will be non-empty iff there is some such path. So the question of Emptiness reduces to the question of connectivity: the language recognized by A is empty iff there is no accepting state in the connected component of its transition graph that is rooted at q0. The problem of determining connected components of directed graphs is algorithmically solvable,by Depth-First Search, for instance (and solvable in time linear in the number of nodes). So, given A, we just do a depth-?rst search of the transition graph rooted at the start state keeping track of whether we encounter any accepting state. We return "True" iff we ?nd none.

Posted Date: 3/21/2013 1:51:00 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Emptiness problem, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Emptiness problem, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Emptiness problem Discussions

Write discussion on Emptiness problem
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Define the following concept with an example: a.    Ambiguity in CFG b.    Push-Down Automata c.    Turing Machine

conversion from nfa to dfa 0 | 1 ___________________ p |{q,s}|{q} *q|{r} |{q,r} r |(s) |{p} *s|null |{p}

let G=(V,T,S,P) where V={a,b,A,B,S}, T={a,b},S the start symbol and P={S->Aba, A->BB, B->ab,AB->b} 1.show the derivation sentence for the string ababba 2. find a sentential form

Generate 100 random numbers with the exponential distribution lambda=5.0.What is the probability that the largest of them is less than 1.0?


A context free grammar G = (N, Σ, P, S)  is in binary form if for all productions A we have |α| ≤ 2. In addition we say that G is in Chomsky Normaml Form (CNF) if it is in bi

Automata and Compiler (1) [25 marks] Let N be the last two digits of your student number. Design a finite automaton that accepts the language of strings that end with the last f

The language accepted by a NFA A = (Q,Σ, δ, q 0 , F) is NFAs correspond to a kind of parallelism in the automata. We can think of the same basic model of automaton: an inpu


DEGENERATE OF THE INITIAL SOLUTION