Effect of field on superconductivity and meissner effect, Physics

EFFECT OF FIELD ON SUPERCONDUCTIVITY: Critical Magnetic field, Hc is the maximum field that can be applied to a superconductor without destroying the superconducting behaviour. It decreases from its maximum value at absolute zero to zero at the critical temperature Tc. On the other hand, Critical Temperature Tc, ­is a temperature that separates superconducting states from the normal state. Above Tc the substance is the normal state whit a finite resistivity but below Tc it is in super conducting state whit zero resistivity. The transition temperature of a superconductor can be reduced by the application of a magnetic field. Whit reference to suppose a superconductor has a temperature Tc. If magnetic field H is applied, the material remains super conducting until a critical field Hc is reached such that for H >Hc, the material is in the normal state. The transition from the superconducting to the normal state under influence of a magnetic field is reversible. The function Hc (T) follows with good accuracy a formula from here ho is the critical field at 0K, Tc is the critical temperature for a given specimen.

MEISSNER EFFECT: The Meissner effect (or Meissner-Ochsenfeld Effect) is the total exclusion of any magnetic flux from the interior of a superconductor. A superconductor below its critical temperature expels all the magnetic field from the bulk of the sample as if it were a perfectly diamagnetic substance. This phenomenon is known as the Meissner effect. Suppose that we place a super conducting material in a magnetic field above Tc. The magnetic field lines will penetrate the sample. However, when the as depicted in fig. 6.3(a). The super conductor develops a magnetization M by developing surface currents, such that M and the applied field cancel everywhere inside the sample. Thus, below Tc a superconductor is a perfectly diamagnetic substance (χm= -1). Now for the case of a perfect conductor in a magnetic field and then cool it below. The magnetic field is not rejected. These two types of behaviour are identified. If we switch off the field, the field around the super conductor simply disappears. But switching off the field means there is a decreasing applied field. This change in the field induces current in the perfect conductor by virtue of Faraday’s law of induction.  

 

Posted Date: 7/9/2012 2:29:38 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Effect of field on superconductivity and meissner effect, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Effect of field on superconductivity and meissner effect, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Effect of field on superconductivity and meissner effect Discussions

Write discussion on Effect of field on superconductivity and meissner effect
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Evaluate the speed of the block A 2.00-kg block is attached to a spring force constant 500N/n. The block is pulled 5.00 cm to the right of the equilibrium and released from rest

Steps of working of Unijunction Transistor (i)  When emitter circuit is closed through switch S but emitter voltage is reduced to zero, and a voltage V BB is applied between

Two moles of an ideal gas expands reversibly and isothermally to ten times its volume at 25°C. Evaluate the change in entropy during the process. ( R = 8.314 JK -1 mol -1 )

The current in an RL circuit builds up one-third of its steady value in 4.56s. Find the inductive time constant.

how to prepare for logic gate project?

Explain the Elementary Particles and Particle Accelerators More than 100 particles smaller than the proton, electron and neutron have been discovered and are referred to as eleme

What is Wheatstone bridge? Assume the condition for which Wheatstone bridge is balanced.

Q. Illustrate what path does an asteroid take? Answer:- The asteroid will forever take the path minimizing its Lagrangian recognized as the least action principle in Lagra

Radiation and Radioactivity Investigator of radioactivity discovered that certain natural elements, primarily the very heavy ones, have unstable nuclei that disintegrate to emi

If a traveling wave is a sin or cos function of (x± vt) the wave than it is said to be harmonic or plane progressive wave.