Effect of alcohol on human body, Biology

EFFECT OF ALCOHOL -

1.       EFFECT ON NERVOUS SYSTEM -

Alcohol has an anesthetic effect on nervous system.

It affects orientation, alertness, coordination, judgement, memory & mood.

Cerebrum is affected first of all.

Person loses judgement, will power & self control.

Anxiety disappears and the person feels light headed.

After that cerebellum is affected, person becomes dizzy, shows imbalancing, tongue muscles are also affected.

2.       WERNICK'S & KORSAKOFF'S SYNDROMES -

It is characterized by rhythmic oscillation of eye ball, inability to coordinate muscle activity during voluntary movement & mental disturbance.

3.       EFFECT ON STOMACH -

A small dose of alcohol stimulates the secretion of gastric juice.

A large dose causes gastritis.

Alcohol causes absorption in intestine, leading to diarrhoea & deficiency of calcium, iron & vitamins.

Chronic heavy drinking can cause violent vomiting, which may accelerate lower and of oesophagus, resulting in bleeding. This is mallory weiss syndrome (MWS).

4.       EFFECT ON LIVER -

Due to more drinking, liver stores mainly fats. This cause fatty liver syndrome.

Liver gradually hardens & dries up at its cells are replaced by a fibrous tissue. This is liver cirrhosis.

5.       EFFECT ON PANCREASE -

It causes painful inflammation of pancreas i.e. pancreatitis.

6.       EFFECT ON HEART -

Blood vessels dilute to get rid of the heat product by its oxidation.

Due to continuous dilation, the arterial walls become rigid and brittle. This may cause rise in B.P., increase in heart beat (tachycardia) and malformation of heart muscles (myocardiopathy).

7.       EFFECT ON BLOOD -

Use of alcohol lowers blood sugar level (hypoglycaemia), reduces platelets count.

8.       EFFECT ON SKELETAL MUSCLES -

Heavy drinking may cause painful & inflamed muscles (alcoholic myopathy).

9.       HIGHER CANCER RISKS -

The risk of cancer of oral cavity, pharynx, oesophagus, stomach & liver is increased.

10.     ANAEMIA -

Heavy drinking causes complex anaemia with iron deficiency.

11.     SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION -

Impotency is common.

12.     EFFECT ON KIDNEYS -

As alcohol is diuretic, work of kidney is increased.

13.     EFFECT ON IMMUNITY -

They suffer from loss of resistance to infection & malnutrition.

14.     EFFECT ON ENDOCRINE GLANDS -

It increases output of cortisol and decreases testosterone, vasopressin & thyroxin.

15.     EFFECT ON BABIES -

Babies of alcoholic mothers are often unhealthy & underweight & may even be abnormal. It is foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).

Posted Date: 10/4/2012 9:22:27 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Effect of alcohol on human body, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Effect of alcohol on human body, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Effect of alcohol on human body Discussions

Write discussion on Effect of alcohol on human body
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
EFFECT OF ALCOHOL - 1 .       EFFECT ON NERVOUS SYSTEM - Alcohol has an anesthetic effect on nervous system. It affects orientation, alertness, coordination, judgement

Biosphere Biosphere is that part of the earth where life can exist. It is a narfqy layer around the surface of the earth. If you visualise the earth to be the size of an apple

sir i''m not understanding cell division rightly. in case of meiosis both paternal and maternal chromosome goes in two cell separately while in case of mitosis they go alongwit

Question 1: (a) In what ways does poverty lead to environmental degradation? (b) What types of problems do the rural and urban poor share? Give some differences in the condi

According to the current concept of speciation, a widely distributed species should break up into partially isolated rule species. The different subspecies become differentiated fu

How does Respiration in animals

Q. Predominant feature of steatorrhoea? A predominant feature is delayed and defective absorption of fat, which results in bulky stools containing large quantities of fat (know

What are likely to be the limiting factors in a population of (a) green plants, (b) birds?  (a) In green plants the limiting factors are likely to be light, water, minerals, te

PLASMODESMATA Termed by Tangl & Strasburger. Cytoplasmic / Protoplasmic bridges between 2 adjacent cells. Desmotubules connects the E.R. of 2 cells. Plasmodesmata p

How do pathological conditions affect homeostasis of your body?