Dipole moment and polarization, Physics

Assignment Help:

An electrical dipole is just a separation between a negative and positive charge of the same magnitude. Consider that a dielectric material is exposed to an electrical field. The effect of the electric field can be two fold.

(1)It generates electrical dipoles in the material and attempts to align them in the field direction. In other terms with a field dipoles come into being that do not present without a field.

(2)It attempts to align dipoles that are previously present in the material. In other terms the material consists of electric dipoles even with no field.

Of course we also may have a mixture of both effects: The electrical field may alter the distribution of existing dipoles while attempting to align them, and it may create new dipoles additionally. The total effect of an electric field on a dielectric material is called the polarization of the material. To understand this better, let us look at the most simple example we have a single atom. We have a positively charge nucleus and the electron "Cloud". The negative charges associated with the electron cloud can be averaged in space and time. If we now apply an electric field, the centres of charge will be separated. The electron cloud will be dragged in the direction of the positive pole of the field, the nucleus to the negative one. We may visualize that the centre of the positive and negative charges q are now separated by a distance d, and thus a dipole moment p is induced, which is defined by:


It is important to under that p is a vector because d is a vector.


Related Discussions:- Dipole moment and polarization

Determine the change in entropy - temperature, Determine the change in entr...

Determine the change in entropy when 2 kg of a gas at 277 K is heated in a closed, rigid container to a temperature of 368 K. Take the specific heat at constant volume to be 1.42 K

Angular Acceleration of Earth, 2. The earth’s rotation about its axis chang...

2. The earth’s rotation about its axis changes measurably over time; see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leap_second and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tidal_acceleration for detai

Compute the emf induced between the ends of the wings, Q. An aircraft havin...

Q. An aircraft having awing span of 20.48 m flies at a speed of 40 ms -1 . If the vertical component of the earth's magnetic field is 2 X 10 -5 T, compute the emf induced between

Determine electric field vector for a negative point charge, For a negative...

For a negative point charge, the electric field vectors: a) Circle the charge b) Point radially in toward the charge c) Point radially away from the charge d) C

Nicol prism, applications of nicol prism?

applications of nicol prism?

What is frictional force, The substances which acquire charges on rubbing a...

The substances which acquire charges on rubbing are said to be charged. The electricity produced by friction is called Frictional force.  If the charges do not move, then the frict

Draw a single stage amplifier circuit using JFET, Draw  a  single  stage  a...

Draw  a  single  stage  amplifier  circuit  using  JFET  Circuit  of  a  Single  Stage  Common  Source  N-channel  JFET amplifier  using self-bias is shown in figure

Ray diagrams for concave mirrors, Ray Diagrams for Concave Mirrors Obj...

Ray Diagrams for Concave Mirrors Object Located Beyond the Center of Curvature: Ray diagrams are meaningful tools for denoting the location of an image as generates through a

Axis &planes, Ask questionwhat r the axis&planes in human body.? In nature ...

Ask questionwhat r the axis&planes in human body.? In nature or in daily life is it applied or happening? #Minimum 100 words accepted#

Write Your Message!

Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd