Digestive enzymes, Biology

Assignment Help:

Digestive Enzymes

Now let us consider the general principles of digestion that are applicable t6all animals. We will start with the digestive enzymes that breakdown the large food molecules into smaller soluble component units. This breakdown involves the uptake of water and is called hydrolysis. However, digestive enzymes differ in the following ways:

a) Digestive enzymes are not as narrowly specific as other enzymes rather they show group specificity. For example, enzymes that digest carbohydrates can digest polysaccharides of both animal and plant origin,

 b) Even though enzymes performing similar functions in different animals are given same names, they are not identical chemically. For example, trypsin (an enzyme, that hydrolyses proteins) in humans is not identical to that found in fish. Temperature and pH for optimum activity is also different. For example, trypsin from vertebrate pancreas acts best in the pH range of 7-9 but in silkworm the pH range is 6.2-9.

c) Digestive enzymes from pancreas particularly those that digest proteins are secreted in an inactive form.

The three major classes of digestive enzymes are:

  1. Proteases that hydrolyse peptide bonds in proteins,
  2. Carbohydrases that hydrolyse glycosidic bonds in carbohydrate,
  3. Lipases that hydrolyse ester bonds in fats

Related Discussions:- Digestive enzymes

How to investigate aortic stenosis by roentgenogram, Q. How to investigate ...

Q. How to investigate aortic stenosis by Roentgenogram? Cardiac enlargement does not occur in pure compensated aortic stenosis. Post stenotic dilatation of aorta may be seen. F

Echinoderms, What is the classification scheme for echinoderms?

What is the classification scheme for echinoderms?

Characteristics of lake ecosystems, Characteristics of Lake Ecosystems ...

Characteristics of Lake Ecosystems The environment of static waters of lakes and ponds sharply contrasts with those of lotic ecosystems. Light penetration in lakes is usually

Prozoan, classifcation of protozoans

classifcation of protozoans

What are the benefits of plant-incorporated protectants, What are the benef...

What are the benefits of plant-incorporated protectants? Plant-incorporated protectants can be a promising pest management alternative where traditional pesticides may not be a

What do you mean by platyhelminth phylum, Q What are the most tremendous kn...

Q What are the most tremendous known representatives of the platyhelminth phylum? The most popular representatives of the platyhelminthes are worms that cause human diseases, l

Define clostridium perfringens-associated gastroenteritis, Q. Define Clostr...

Q. Define Clostridium perfringens-associated gastroenteritis? Clostridium perfringens-associated gastroenteritis is a food borne disease which is frequently reported and is

State about osteogenesis, State about osteogenesis Embryologically, ost...

State about osteogenesis Embryologically, osteogenesis may be classified as either intramembranous or endochondral. When the ossification occurs directly, it is defined as intr

What are some functions of the cartilages in the human body, What are some ...

What are some functions of the cartilages in the human body? Cartilages are responsible for the structural support of the nose and ears. The trachea and the bronchi are also or

What are pentoses, What are pentoses? What are the roles of pentoses in DNA...

What are pentoses? What are the roles of pentoses in DNA and RNA molecules? Pentoses are carbohydrates made of five carbons. The DNA molecule is made of a sequence of molecu

Write Your Message!

Captcha
Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd