Determine forces in members of cantilever truss, Mechanical Engineering

Determine  forces in members of cantilever truss:

Determine  forces  in  members  BC  and  BD  of   cantilever truss  shown  in  the figure in the figure given below. 

 

329_Determine  forces in members of cantilever truss.png

Sol.: If we draw a section line that cut the member BC, BD, AD, ED, then the member BC and BD cut by this line, but this section line cut 4 members, so we do not use this section line. As a section line cut maximum of three members.

There is no single section line that cut the maximum 3 member and also cut member BC and BD.

This problem can be solved in following two steps.

(1)  Draw the section line which cut member BC and DC. Select any one section and find out value of BC.

(2)  Draw the new diagram, draw another section line that cut the member AB, BD and CD, and find out value of the member BD.

STEP-1

Draw the section line which cut member BC and CD, as shown in figure given below.

 

752_Determine  forces in members of cantilever truss1.png

Consider Right hand side of truss as shown in the figure given below

By taking moment about the point D

MD = 0

1000 x 2 - TBC  x BD = 0

Consider the ?CAE and CDB, they are similar

BD/AE = BC/AC BD/3 = 2/4

BD = 1.5m

1000 x 2 - TBC  x 1.5 = 0

TBC =   1333.33KN                                    ...(iii)

TBC = 1333.33KN (Tensile)                                    .......ANS

STEP-2:

Draw the section line that cut the member AB, AD and BD, as shown in figure given below.

 

1174_Determine  forces in members of cantilever truss2.png

 

Consider the Right hand side portion of truss as shown in the figure given below

By taking moment about the point C

MC  = 0

{Moment of force TAB, TCD  and 1000N acting at point C is zero}

-1000 x BD - TBD  x BC = 0

-1000 x 2 - TBD  x 2 = 0

265_Determine  forces in members of cantilever truss3.png

TBD  =  - 1000KN                                    ...(iii)

TBC  = 1000KN (compressive)         .......ANS

Posted Date: 10/29/2012 1:19:09 AM | Location : United States







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