Determination of analyte concentration, Physics

Determination of Analyte Concentration:

One of the most common applications of spectrophotometry is to determine the concentration of an analyte in a solution. There is a relationship between concentration and absorbance.  This relationship is expressed by the Lambert-Beer law, which is more commonly known as Beer's law.  This law states that the absorbance of a light absorbing material is proportional to its concentration in solution.

A = Ebc

E = the extinction coefficient of the substance, has units of M-i  * cm-i  (unique for each substance)

b = the sample path length measured in centemeters (i.e. the width of the cuvette-almost always i cm)

c = the molar concentration of the solution (you must express concentration in terms of molarity)

It is because of this relationship that biologists measure absorption rather than transmission. The Lambert-Beer law can be used to calculate the concentration of a solution if its extinction coefficient is known.  To determine the extinction coefficient, you measure the absorbance of a known concentration of solution and then rearrange the equation to solve for E.=

Table.  Visible Spectrum and Complementary Colors

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Posted Date: 10/15/2012 5:45:49 AM | Location : United States

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