Describe what order quantity is optimal, Operation Management

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The manager of a car wash received a revised price list from the vendor who supplies soap, and a promise of a shorter lead time for deliveries. Formerly the lead time was four days, but now the vendor promises a reduction of 25 percent in that time. Annual usage of soap is 4500 gallons. The car wash is open 360 days a year. Assume that daily usage is normal, and that it has a standard deviation of 2 gallons per day. The ordering cost is $30 and annual carrying cost is $3 a gallon. The revised price list(cost per gallon) is shown in the following table:

Quantity unit price

1-399 $2
400-799 $1.70
800+ $1.62

a. What order quantity is optimal?


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