Demand pull inflation, Microeconomics

Demand Pull Inflation:

It describes a sustained increase in the general price level that is caused by a permanent increase in nominal aggregate demand. Simply, is can be viewed as an inflation that occurs as a result of increase in aggregate demand.

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In Figure, an increase in aggregate demand from AD0 to AD1 given the aggregate supply creates excess demand at P0. This causes price levels to increase from P0 to P1. A new equilibrium is established at point E1 with output at Y1 and at a higher price level of P1. The continuous repetition of this process will lead to a sustained increase in the price level, which characterizes demand-pull inflation.

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