Demand function is homogeneous of degree zero, Microeconomics

Demand Function is Homogeneous of Degree Zero:

Mathematical Presentation 

we will show that demand function is homogeneous of degree zero in prices and money income. In other words, if prices and money income change proportionately, then demand for all goods (and therefore the equilibrium bundle) remain the same. Initial price set p0 = (p10, p20,...,pn0) and the money income is I0 at which commodity vector x0 is bought, where x0 = (x10, x20,...,xn0) and p0x0 = I0. Let there be another commodity set x1 = (x11, x21,...,xn1).  At prices p0 set x1 is not chosen because it is not more expensive than x0 and at that price x1 is available so x0 is revealed preferred to x1. So,  

1177_Demand Function is Homogeneous of Degree Zero.png

Consider a change in prices to p1 = (p11,...,pn1) and income changes to I1, when consumer buys x1. So x0 at that new price level is not available to the consumer and we have,  

399_Demand Function is Homogeneous of Degree Zero1.png

Let I1 = m I0 and p1 = m p0, where m is any positive number. Prices and income change in same proportion m and we have,  

1194_Demand Function is Homogeneous of Degree Zero2.png

Equations (c) and (d) contradict equations (a) and (b). Hence, we conclude that the xand x0 sets are identical and demand functions ( which are functions of prices and quantities) are homogeneous of degree zero and same proportional change in prices and income leads an individual to buy the same bundle.  

Posted Date: 10/26/2012 3:59:28 AM | Location : United States

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