Define vitamins and minerals needs in nutrient requirement, Biology

Define Vitamins and Minerals needs in Nutrient Requirement and Dietary Management

Although the exact requirements are not known, it is generally recommended to give plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables if an oral intake is feasible. When the patient is on tube feeds it is suggested to provide around 500 mg (twice daily) vitamin C and 5000 1.U of vitamin A per 1000 Kcals of energy being provided. Hyponatreinia which is frequently observed due to fluid losses during change of dressings/ application of grafts, can be corrected by restricting the oral consumption, of sodium-free fluids /water. Supplements of calcium, phosphate, zinc and iron are generally required. Anaemia may need to be treated with administration of red packed blood cells.

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