Define nutrition management and feeding the premature infant, Biology

Define Nutrition Management and Feeding the Premature Infant

There are numerous nutritional risk factors in premature infants. These include:

  • Elevated metabolic rate, thus increasing the protein, fat, energy requirements. Excessive urinary and evaporative losses.
  • Immature gastrointestinal tract (poor gastric emptying and improper peristalsis). .
  • Respiratory distress and hypoxia,

There are number of feeding problems faced by the premature infant due to:

  • Poor sucking reflex,
  • Difficulty in swallowing and breathing,
  • Small gastric capacity,
  • Reduced intestinal motility, and
  • Getting tired easily after being fed or handled.

As for the nutritional requirements, there is an increased nutrient need due to catch- up growth with approximately 110-130 Kcal/kg body weight/day. The nutrient requirements are elaborated further herewith.

Posted Date: 6/29/2013 8:30:46 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Define nutrition management and feeding the premature infant, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Define nutrition management and feeding the premature infant, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Define nutrition management and feeding the premature infant Discussions

Write discussion on Define nutrition management and feeding the premature infant
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
In humans, attached earlobes are a dominant feature over free earlobes while hypertrichosis of the ear is a holandric (Y-linked) feature. A person with attached earlobes and extens

Determine Vitamin A requirements of school children and adolescents? The vitamin A requirement of children and adolescents has been computed from growth curve interpolation dat

Copulation and Fertilisation in Hermaphrodites Copulation between hermaphrodites is common. Flatworms possess a cirrus and penis that is inserted into the uterine vaginal ope

Cilia and flagella are structures found in various prokaryotes as well in some eukaryotic cells. They play defense, nutrition and movement roles for the cell. In eukaryotic cells o

Cyanide - Enzyme-activity Control Plants generate cyanide from cyanogenic glucides and histidines. Ethylene biosynthesis is also accompanied by cyanide production. Nitrate red

Explain how a cell produces and releases proteins. Proteins are made on ribosomes and packaged into vesicles by the Golgi apparatus. The vesicles move to the cell membrane and

By now you know that diabetes cannot be cured but can be treated so that an individual leads a normal life. Patients who maintain their blood glucose levels within the normal range

Electrophoresis is the technique of separating the large molecules (for instance DNA fragments or proteins) from the mixture of identical molecules. An electric current is passed

Nutrition and Health The effects of the socio-economic and environmental factors in which one is constrained to live will manifest in terms of the nutritional and health statu

What is Ridge morphology The implant-supported prosthesis is affected by the ridge morphology especially implant-supported overdentures which gain dual support from implants an