Deficiency diseases-neonatal hypoglycaemia, Biology

Neonatal  hypoglycaemia

Hypoglycaemia is a metabolic condition of newborn piglets that develops in first few days of life due to decreased caloric intake and increased catabolism.

Aetiology: Inadequate intake of milk by newborn piglets and diseases associated with enteropathy contribute to onset of hypoglycaemia. Neonatal factors such as weakness, prepartum asphyxia, or competition amongst siblings or maternal factors such as agalactia, mastitis or maternal rejection can be associated with poor nursing and hypoglycaemia. Under fasting conditions, newborn piglets below 4 days of age develop hypoglycaemia more rapidly than the older piglets. Secondary hypoglycaemia may be associated with diseases like coliform septicaemia, transmissible gastro- enteritis, streptococcal infection and haemolytic diseases of newborn.Hypoglycaemia may also occur in new born calves, foals, kids and lambs. In calves the condition may be associated with diarrhoea and due to non-availability of milk.Septicaemia with loss of nursing vigour is the most common cause of hypoglycaemia in foals. Undersized twin or triplet lambs are more likely to develop hypoglycaemia under extreme cold condition or state of hypothermia.


Clinical findings:
Piglets under one week of age present typical signs of disease characterized by incoordination, shivering, dullness, and anorexia, subnormal temperature, cold clammy skin and pallor and ruffling hair. There is progressive weakness and convulsion followed by recumbency, coma and death within 24-36 hours. Clinical signs in other species are similar to those observed in piglets. However, nervous signs are most common in piglets than other species.


Diagnosis: Hypoglycaemia should be differentiated from diseases like coliform septicaemia, encephalomyelitis and pseudorabies, bacterial maningio-encephatitis in piglets; watery mouth disease in lambs and septicaemias in foals. Blood glucose concentration < 50 mg/dl in piglets and <40 mg/dl in calves is suggestive of hypoglycaemia.


Treatment and Prevention: Intraperitoneal administration of 15 ml of 20% glucose at 4-6 hourly interval and provision of warm environment are effective in treatment of hypoglycaemia. Administration of colostrum alongwith 20 ml of 5% glucose intragastrically and induced milk let down in sows help in preventing mortality. Hypoglycaemic lambs can be given 20% glucose solution intraperitoneally @ of 10 ml/kg body weight.Avoidance of causative factors, proper nursing of piglets during first week of their age and provision of warm environment (35°C) can prevent occurrence of the disease. Lambs and kids should be fed adequate colostrum (200 ml/kg body weight).

 

Posted Date: 9/19/2012 3:45:28 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Deficiency diseases-neonatal hypoglycaemia, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Deficiency diseases-neonatal hypoglycaemia, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Deficiency diseases-neonatal hypoglycaemia Discussions

Write discussion on Deficiency diseases-neonatal hypoglycaemia
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Define Reagent for Separation of Amino Acid by Paper Chromatography? The following reagents will be required for carrying out the experiment: 1. Amino acid solution- Weig

Which are the beings that form the kingdom Animalia? What are the two big groups into which this kingdom is divided? The kingdom Animalia is the animal kingdom. Commonly the ki

How does the structure of a crab relate to its habitat? It's difficult exoskeleton protects it for most predators & keeps water off its flesh. The claws are used for mating due

What is the root pressure? The Root pressure is the pressure that forces water from the soil to be absorbed by xylem of the root. It is because of the osmotic gradient between

What is the positive atom referred to in ionic bonds and write a monovalent and divalent example.

Proteins of Plant Origin - Cereal Proteins Cereal Proteins: Cereal grains, properly ripened and dried for optimum storage stability, have protein content ranging from 6-20%.

Mitral Valve Repair :  Whenever possible, the valve has to be repaired rather than replaced. Preoperative investigations and a TEE done on the operating table will help the surg

Define Prevalence and Incidence for anorexia nervosa? The disorder occurs most commonly in adolescent girls and young women, but adolescent boys and young men may be affected m

Class of Subphylum Uniramia - Chilopoda Chilopoda have the centipedes. The class contains some 2500 species that have been described so far. They inhabit both of the tropical

The percentage of oxygen absorbed from the air in the lungs is always about the similar, so how can the oxygen supply to the blood be enhanced during vigorous activity? Breathi