If the deletion violates referential integrity constraint, then three alternatives are available:
1) '#' shows the Primary key of a relation.
2) '^' shows the Foreign key of a relation.
(1) Delete a tuple with C# = 'C1' in Q.
Violated constraint: - Referential Integrity constraint
Motive: - Tuples in relation A refer to tuple in Q.
Dealing: - Options available are
1) Decline the deletion.
2) DBMS may automatically delete all tuples from relation S and Q with C
# = 'C1'. This is known as cascade detection.
3) The one more option would result in putting NULL value in R where C1 exist, which is the initial tuple R in the attribute C.