Data, information and knowledge - information system, Computer Engineering

Data, information and knowledge - Information System

The nature of information can most easily be defined in the context of its relationship to data and knowledge. Bohn (1994) describes this relationship as follows:

  • Data is raw material, it can be thought of as a basic description, it may be a set of measurements taken by sensors and recorded as a set of numbers. It could be a dimension of size or weight, or a quantity of items or money. Data is sterile and will most often have no meaning other than that attributed to the numbers themselves that are used to measure it.
  • Information is all, or a subset of, the gathered data that is relevant to a specific question or issue. This relevant data is then structured and organised so that some meaning can be attributed to it. I could be a trend of profit up or down or a gain or loss of weight.
  • Knowledge is this 'relevant' information processed by the human mind using thinking skills taken in context and mixed with other information and experience to produce something that is useful in the making of decisions, associations or predictions.

 

Therefore in summary, empirical data given structure and meaning becomes information. Thinking skills are then applied to the information so converting this information into knowledge. A detailed and up to date study of the place of information within the organisation can be found in Boiset and Canals (2004).

Posted Date: 3/14/2013 3:43:31 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Data, information and knowledge - information system, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Data, information and knowledge - information system, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Data, information and knowledge - information system Discussions

Write discussion on Data, information and knowledge - information system
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Explain about the term business-to-customer. B2C (business-to-customer): "Electronic commerce" is usually understood mostly as selling goods or services to people ("last

A chart illustrating the differences among the new cloud-based technologies (Workday) and the traditional . a. The new cloud-based solutions benefit Workday from every facet wh

Artificial intelligence ( AL) is a field of science and technology based on disciplines such as computer science biology psychology linguistics mathematics and engineering. The g

How is EISA bus different from ISA bus? Extended Industry Standard Architecture (EISA) is a 32 bit modification to ISA bus. As computers became larger and had wider data buses,

Explian Service Topologies Service Topologies In a service-based architecture there increase dependencies between services resulting from cooperation

Q. Describe about Pascaline? Blaise Pascal made very first attempt in the direction of automatic computing. He invented a device that comprised lots of gears and chains that us

What is object orientation? Object orientation means that we classify software as a collection of discrete objects that incorporate with together DS and behaviour. Four aspe

Normal 0 false false false EN-IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4  A loop invariant is

Overflow condition in linked list may happen when attempting to Make a node when free space pool is empty.

The alignment of a type 'c' field in a report is? ? Left Aligned.