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Criteria for a good layout, Operation Management
Criteria for a Good Layout
A good layout will be one which can be rapidly modified to meet changing circumstances. In this context particular attention should be paid to the supply of services, which should be ample and of easy access.
Entry into and disposal from any department or functional area should be in such a manner that it is most convenient to the issuing or receiving departments. Layout requires to be considered as whole and not partially.
All the people and materials should be readily observable at all times. There should be no hiding places into which goods or information can get mislaid. This criterion is sometimes difficult to fulfil particularly when an existing facility is taken over.
All servicing and maintenance points should be readily accessible. For example equipment should not be placed against a wall in such a manner that necessary maintenance cannot easily be carried out.
Maximum Use of Volume :
Facilities should be considered as cubic devices and maximum use a made of the volume available cables pipelines and conveyors can be run above head height and used as moving work in progress stores, or tools and equipment can be suspended from the calling.
All movements should be both necessary and direct. Handling work adds to cost but does not increase value, consequently any unnecessary or circuitous movements should be avoided.
: Draughts, poor lighting excessive sunlight heat noise, vibrations and smells should be minimized and if possible counteracted. Apparently trivial discomfort often generates troubles greatly out of proportion to the discomfort itself. Affection paid to the lighting and general decoration and furniture can be rewarding without being costly.
The best handling of material and information is no handling but where it is unavoidable it should be reduce to a minimum by the use of whatever devices are most appropriate.
All layouts should be inherently safe, and no person should be exposed to danger.
Safeguards against fire moisture theft and general deterioration should provided as far as possible in the original layout rather than in later accretions of cages doors and barriers.
Efficient Process Flow :
Work flow and any transport flow should not cross .every effort must be made to ensure that paper or material flows in one direction only ,and a layout which does not conform to this will result in considerable difficulties, if not downright chaos.
Whenever possible working groups should be provided with their own working space. The need for a defined territory seems basic to many animals including the human being and provision of a space with which a person can identify can often enhance morale and provide a very real feeling of cohesion.
Posted Date: 1/11/2013 7:11:25 AM | Location : United States
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