Creating Column Vectors:
One way to generate a column vector is by explicitly putting the values in square brackets, separated by the semicolons:
>> c = [1; 2; 3; 4]
c =
1
2
3
4
There is no other direct way to use the colon operator to get a column vector. Though, any row vector generated using any of these methods can be transposed to get a column vector. In common, the transpose of a matrix is a new matrix in which the rows and columns are interchanged.
For vectors, transposing a row vector results in a column vector, and transposing the column vector results in a row vector. The MATLAB has a built-in operator, the apostrophe, to obtain a transpose.
>> r = 1:3;
>> c = r