Risk management is not just providing for uncertainties - it is management of risks considering the combination of the probability (extent to which the risk event is likely to occur) and its consequence (severity of the outcome of the event). The two principles in risk management are:
The two principles are not mutually exclusive and both principles should be equitably applied in allocating risks in a construction contract document.
Two other characteristics of risk management are that:
Projects involving substantial construction are most prone to risks and demand relatively the most elaborate attention to risk control. Handling of risk in construction contracts varies considerably. This depends on the nature and location of the work, the owner and contractor involved and the prevailing contracting climate. Each of these varies over time and there are may be other outside influences also such as banks, governments and the insurance market.